Politics and Values in the Middle East السياسة والقيم في الشرق الأوسط


UAE Sheiks

Politics and Values in the Middle East   السياسة والقيم في الشرق الأوسط

Hasan A. Yahya, Ph.Ds

There are certain points related to Arab and Muslim values concerning women, parenting and politics. In this article we cover these issues especially in the Arab and Muslim countries. In child rearing, parents deal differently in terms of the child sex and terms of place. They give girls everything they wanted. They treat them sincerely and kindly. And when they are at the right age, the family chose a good husband for her, in what called in sociology, arranged marriages which is popular in the Arab and Muslim world. a good man, the family knows.  But some young ladies had ideas of their own. This difference may be noticed in terms of place. Where in villages and traditional way of people’s life, females rarely consulted. In the city, however, rejection of marriage proposals by force under arranged marriages rules is also common with villages rules in most Arab and Muslim countries, it is less in rate. Therefore, women are increasingly rebelled in both places. They have choices: one is to refuse the proposed person. And reject fulfilling the marriage contract. Or for other reason such as going to complete their education at the university, in local or far communities. When countries compared in term of Arab and Muslim countries and western countries the difference is large on the issue of parenting and marriage of young and old females. If they are married, in traditional cultures, they usually do not love the selected   person at the beginning. In Saudi Arabia, and almost all  other Muslim and Arab countries,  woman still should not be allowed to raise her voice, or travel or even drive her own car. The voice is called “Awrah”, a “shameful act” by women to raise their voice when men are present. In many of these countries, women have no opinion beside her male brother, as well as the younger children in the presence of the elder male child in the family.

In fact, in the Middle East, as well as in many developing countries,  girls come second to boys in the small family as well as the society in general. Unfairness of how a boy is favored more than a girl in almost all aspects of life, even in the most open-minded families, because of the fear, the insecurity and the loss of  virginity and honor among young women.

In many of traditional countries, a  woman is considered of a “lower, inferior sex” by choice, some say, because the Islamic culture promotes certain ethics in terms of women behavior. Al-Ghazali have shown in his writings, about women, over seventeen qualities for women were mentioned as qualities characterize women as having less position naturally compared to me. Therefore, she should  not act like a man. Today, politically speaking concerning government leadership, except in few countries such as Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Turkey, and less extent in some Arab countries. The man is considered as the master, the initiator, the decision maker, and have the over hand in marriage or in the family, or even the government. Many of religious groups (Salfi or Muslim brothers groups-like) stretched all over the Arab countries proclaim modernity in their political views,  but they reject the idea of ruling in high rank political positions. Women still perceived as Awra (shameful object) in the family. As the case in Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia, and almost all other Arab countries. A young brother can control his elder sister, this is common in Arab and Muslim countries.

As she’s the wife, not the slave as some people like to say. Soon after a woman  marriage she usually live in the extended family, but these days the newly married couple have their own house. They may leave to other community as we said,  and fell in love in that different environment.  No girl or boy may fall in love “deliberately.”  Even a veiled woman, but women usually conceal their love from family. It is sometimes told to close female friends.  Lover in Arab and Muslim world become in danger position, some people consider love as illegal and forbidden. But lovers may die for their love as Majnoon Layla,(Qays and Layla story)  and Majnoon Buthainah in the Muslim literature.  They may sacrifice themselves for the lover safety. But they still faraway from western values toward equality among sexes.

Sociologically speaking, interpretation of such inequality can be traced in human history. Even in the most so-called civilized societies in the west, women still face discrimination in many areas. An example can be given in the field of profession. Many studies show that women mostly have less salaries and less opportunities even in universities with high characteristics of democracy and reasoning. But compared with developing societies the rate of discrimination is covert in modern societies but still common in traditional countries. Many social scientists believe, that changing the place from village to the city does not mean changing traditional values common to the village. This reason may be the main factor helps religious groups in many Arab and Muslim countries are promoted in social life and considered ideal types of life. As far as these values continue, especially among the disadvantaged communities, any political system will be incomplete, as far as the separation of religion from the state is not actually practiced. In this conclusion, the writer does not encourage dismissing the religious (emotional-beliefs) values of persons and families or communities concerning social issues, but in politics almost all religions discriminate in ruling and practicing equality, justice and human rights. Examples can be seen in Iran, Saudi Arabia, and most other Arab and Muslim countries. Inequality and injustice are common in many other developing countries as well developed countries without the rule of law, where all are citizens have equal rights, and all may be treated as equal treatment according to the fair laws of humanity.(976 words) www.dryahyatv.com

About Arab American Encyclopedia-USA - Hasan Yahya

HASAN YAHYA was born at a small village called Majdal-YaFa (Majdal Sadiq) in Mandate Palestine (1944). He migrated as a refugee to Mes-ha, a village east of Kufr Qasim, west of Nablus (in the West Bank), then moved with his family to Zarka, 25 km north of Amman – Jordan. He finished the high school at Zarka Secondary School, 1963. He was appointed as a teacher in the same year. Studied Law first at Damascus University, then B.A from Lebanon University in Arabic literature and Eastern Cultures (1975). He moved to Kuwait. Where he got married in 1967. He was working at Kuwait Television, taught at bilingual School, and Kuwait University. In 1982, Hasan left to the United States to continue his education at Michigan State University. He got the Master Degree in 1983, the Ph.D degree in 1988 in Education (Psychology of Administration ). In 1991, He obtained his post degree in Social research, the result was a second Ph.D degree in Comparative sociology-Social Psychology. He was the only Arab student who enrolled ever to pursue two simultaneous Ph.D programs from Michigan State University and fulfill their requirements perfectly. Professor Yahya employment history began as a supervisor of a joint project to rehabilitate Youth (inmates out of prison) by Michigan State University and Intermediate School Districts. Worked also as a Teacher Assistant and lecturer in the same university. He was offered a position at Lansing Community College as well as Jackson Community College where he was assistant professor, then associate professor, then full professor (1991-2006). He taught Sociology, psychology, education, criminology and research methods. He supervised 19 Master and Ph.D candidates on various personal, economic psychological and social development topics. Professor Yahya published Hundreds (1000 Plus on this site) of articles and research reports in local, regional, and international journals. His interest covers local, regional and global conflicts. He also authored, translated, edited and published over 280 plus books in several languages, in almost all fields especial education, sociology and psychology. These books can be found on Amazon and Kindle. He also, was a visiting professor at Eastern Michigan University to give Research Methods and Conflict Management courses. Prof. Yahya accepted an offer to join Zayed University Faculty Team in 1998, then he served as the Head of Education and Psychology Department at Ajman University of Science and Technology 2001-04. Dr. Yahya established several institutes in Diaspora, the Arab American Encyclopedia, Ihyaa al Turath al Arabi Project, (Revival of Arab Heritage in Diaspora.Recently he was nominated for honorary committee member for the Union of Arab and Muslim Writers in America. He was affiliated with sociological associations and was a member of the Association of Muslim Social Scientists (AMSS) at USA. Social Activities and Community Participation: Dr. Yahya was a national figure on Diversity and Islamic Issues in the United States, with special attention to Race Relations and Psychology of Assimilation (generations 1,2 &3). He was invited as a public speaker to many TV shows and interviews in many countries. His philosophy includes enhancing knowledge to appreciate the others, and to compromise with others in order to live peacefully with others. This philosophy was the backgrounds of his theory, called “ Theory C. of Conflict Management”. And developed later to a Science of Cultural Normalization under the title: “Crescentology. The results of such theory will lead to world peace depends on a global Knowledge, Understanding, appreciation, and Compromising (KUAC)” Recently Prof. Yahya started "Publish your book FREE Project", to serve young Arab Writers. Dr. Yahya accepted the offer to be the chief editor of the International Humanities Studies Journal -I-H-S-Jerusalem, since July 2014. (Revised Sept. 2014) ولد الدكتور حسن عبدالقادر يحيى في مجدل يابا من أعمال يافا – فلسطين عام 1944. تلقى علومه الابتدائية في مدرسة بديا الأميرية في الضفة الغربية أيام احتوائها ضمن المملكة الأدردنية الهاشمية وتخرج في جامعة بيروت حاملاً الإجازة في اللغة العربية وآدابها، ودبلوم التأهيل التربوي من كلية القديس يوسف بلبنان، ودبلوم الدراسات العليا (الماجستير) ودكتوراة في الإدارة التربوية من جامعة ولاية ميشيغان بالولايات المتحدة عام 1988، وشهادة الدكتوراه في علم الاجتماع المقارن من الجامعة نفسها عام 1991. عمل في التدريس والصحافة الأدبية. أديب وشاعر وقاص ، ,كما عمل في تلفزيون الكويت الرسمي كمعد ومنسق برامج ثم اتجه إلى الكتابة والتأليف في علوم كثيرة تخص علمي النفس والاجتماع والتنمية البشرية ، والتغير الاجتماعي والسكان وألف ونشر العديد من المقالات (1000 +) والكتب باللغتين العربية والإنجليزية (أكثر من 330 كتابا) ، منها ست مجموعات قصصية وست كتب للأطفال ، وأربع دواوين شعرية باللغتين أيضا. وعدد من كتب التراث في الشعر والأدب والأخلاق الإسلامية والتربية والأديان . وهو الآن أستاذ متقاعد في جامعة ولاية ميشيغان. . وكان عضوا سابقا في جمعية العلماء المسلمين في أمريكا . وجمعية علماء الاجتماع الأمريكية - ميشيغان، وهو مؤسس الموسوعة العربية الأمريكية في الولايات المتحدة ضمن مشروع إحياء التراث العربي في بلاد المهجرز كما تم ترشيحه مؤخرا ليكون عضو مجلس التحرير لمجلة الدراسات الإنسانية العالمية. وقد قبل أن يتسلم رئاسة تحريرها اعتبارا من نهاية يونيو 2014 His email: askdryahya@yahoo.com Thank you!
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