Social Policy in the Arab World and Social Justice السياسات الاجتماعية في الدول العربية والعدالة الإجتماعية –

Social Policy in the Arab World and Social Justice             السياسات الاجتماعية في الدول العربية والعدالة الإجتماعية

Hasan Yahya, Ph.Ds, professor of sociology

As a fundamental principle in sociology dictates, “If men define situations as real, they are real in their consequences” (Thomas 1970). This leads to the definition of a situation largely determines how it will be reacted to, and definitions of the situation framed in the West about the Arabs have provided the prescription for deadly interventions into it. Social and political Arab analysts have studied social policies in the Arab countries in the last fifty years. There is an image among most researchers of Arab origin a little different from western countries researchers. For example, Arab researchers see that in the western world in general and among English speaking parts in particular, “representations of the Arab world tend to be unsympathetic at best, and are usually couched in metaphors that presume an essentialist image of the Arab–the quintessential Other in chauvinist discourses.” (Ismael & Ismael 2008).

Ismael and Ismael in an article published at the Arab Studies Quarterly (ASQ) noted that “the subject of social justice in the Arab world in particular conjures up images of repression and extremism–veiled women, suicide bombers and fanatical clerics.” In their article, the authors stand against the backdrop of such representations and in the spirit of enhancing the cultural competence of human service professionals (health, education and social welfare) engaged with people from the Arab world.

The authors discovered in their study of social policies of the Arab Countries, that the backdrop of misrepresentations alluded to above are based on myths. These myths are powerful vehicles of discourse for they are usually based on grains of truth or isolated facts taken out of context and generalized to represent essential characteristics of the whole. The researchers brought the myths about women in the Arab world, and gave example, generally based on facts about either Gulf women (veiled, politically marginalized and pampered) or poor women (oppressed, exploited and brutalized). The researchers believe that these myths are taken out of their political and social contexts and generalized into hard core stereotypes that distort definitions of the situation of women in the Arab world.

But any study of social policy anywhere on the globe including the Arab countries should not have these assumptions or perceptions, whither they were true or false. Any research study have to be led by its rules and methodologies rather than perceptions and doubtful assumptions. Dealing with initiating social policy studies in the Arab countries were mainly supported by certain agencies, for example, the UNESCO, UN, and some research centers in the west, for a certain purposes, may be ideological or political, or else, In doing research, the validity of measures, conceptual or operational is a supreme goal to establish a sound methodology to construct the hypotheses, the sample(s), the questionnaire, and the measures to test the given hypotheses in both forms. I believe that Eastern researchers as well as western researchers follow the rigor steps in doing research. However, the assumptions presumed by the researchers have impact on results and recommendations.

Studies of social policy are of complex type, which may imply Complex Theory assumptions. Any study would be a multivariable testing, and multi purposes types. For example, The questions describe this complex type are, for example, the question of resources, the question of the environment, the question of human rights, the question of culture, the question of well-being and satisfaction, the question of economic, social, and political factors. This complexity shows research limitations on the research project manager to deal with, and limit its study of few aspects of social policy in the given country or countries under study.

Complexity Theory is an interdisciplinary area that represents an approach to the study of complex dynamic systems–that is, to systems as non-deterministic entities composed of many parts interacting with each other and their environment in unpredictable ways (Casti 1994; Cilliers 1998). Time span design is also, important in studying social policy in certain location (s). As an approach in the social sciences, complexity theory replaces or works side by side with systems theory (and its focus on the unfolding of predictable outcomes of social evolution), where aspects, people, resources and environment change. Both are with holist models that focus on social evolution as a non-linear process of adaptation to change and the emergence of unanticipated patterns of human interaction (Nowotny 2005; Capra 2005). The term complex adaptive system (CAS) is used to describe systems that have the capacity to adapt to unpredictable change in their environments. Approaching the topic of social policy and social justice in the Arab world should take into consideration the perspective of complexity theory, and system theory to deal with the subject matter of Arab societies as complex adaptive systems or subsystems. Accordingly, the dynamics of the complex adaptive system adapting to unpredictable change in their environments constitute a process of non-deterministic social change.

In conclusion, project studies of social change in general, and social policies in particular involve research designs, periods of time, socio-economic and political variables, and creating a style measurements to test the hypotheses and come up with recommendations according to the findings. The myths on certain society or group have nothing to do with research outcomes, if the rules of research in terms of theory and methodology are taken seriously and scientifically. (902 words)

*** From: Crescentologism: The Moon Theory book for the author.

About Arab American Encyclopedia-USA - Hasan Yahya

HASAN YAHYA was born at a small village called Majdal-YaFa (Majdal Sadiq) in Mandate Palestine (1944). He migrated as a refugee to Mes-ha, a village east of Kufr Qasim, west of Nablus (in the West Bank), then moved with his family to Zarka, 25 km north of Amman – Jordan. He finished the high school at Zarka Secondary School, 1963. He was appointed as a teacher in the same year. Studied Law first at Damascus University, then B.A from Lebanon University in Arabic literature and Eastern Cultures (1975). He moved to Kuwait. Where he got married in 1967. He was working at Kuwait Television, taught at bilingual School, and Kuwait University. In 1982, Hasan left to the United States to continue his education at Michigan State University. He got the Master Degree in 1983, the Ph.D degree in 1988 in Education (Psychology of Administration ). In 1991, He obtained his post degree in Social research, the result was a second Ph.D degree in Comparative sociology-Social Psychology. He was the only Arab student who enrolled ever to pursue two simultaneous Ph.D programs from Michigan State University and fulfill their requirements perfectly. Professor Yahya employment history began as a supervisor of a joint project to rehabilitate Youth (inmates out of prison) by Michigan State University and Intermediate School Districts. Worked also as a Teacher Assistant and lecturer in the same university. He was offered a position at Lansing Community College as well as Jackson Community College where he was assistant professor, then associate professor, then full professor (1991-2006). He taught Sociology, psychology, education, criminology and research methods. He supervised 19 Master and Ph.D candidates on various personal, economic psychological and social development topics. Professor Yahya published Hundreds (1000 Plus on this site) of articles and research reports in local, regional, and international journals. His interest covers local, regional and global conflicts. He also authored, translated, edited and published over 280 plus books in several languages, in almost all fields especial education, sociology and psychology. These books can be found on Amazon and Kindle. He also, was a visiting professor at Eastern Michigan University to give Research Methods and Conflict Management courses. Prof. Yahya accepted an offer to join Zayed University Faculty Team in 1998, then he served as the Head of Education and Psychology Department at Ajman University of Science and Technology 2001-04. Dr. Yahya established several institutes in Diaspora, the Arab American Encyclopedia, Ihyaa al Turath al Arabi Project, (Revival of Arab Heritage in Diaspora.Recently he was nominated for honorary committee member for the Union of Arab and Muslim Writers in America. He was affiliated with sociological associations and was a member of the Association of Muslim Social Scientists (AMSS) at USA. Social Activities and Community Participation: Dr. Yahya was a national figure on Diversity and Islamic Issues in the United States, with special attention to Race Relations and Psychology of Assimilation (generations 1,2 &3). He was invited as a public speaker to many TV shows and interviews in many countries. His philosophy includes enhancing knowledge to appreciate the others, and to compromise with others in order to live peacefully with others. This philosophy was the backgrounds of his theory, called “ Theory C. of Conflict Management”. And developed later to a Science of Cultural Normalization under the title: “Crescentology. The results of such theory will lead to world peace depends on a global Knowledge, Understanding, appreciation, and Compromising (KUAC)” Recently Prof. Yahya started "Publish your book FREE Project", to serve young Arab Writers. Dr. Yahya accepted the offer to be the chief editor of the International Humanities Studies Journal -I-H-S-Jerusalem, since July 2014. (Revised Sept. 2014) ولد الدكتور حسن عبدالقادر يحيى في مجدل يابا من أعمال يافا – فلسطين عام 1944. تلقى علومه الابتدائية في مدرسة بديا الأميرية في الضفة الغربية أيام احتوائها ضمن المملكة الأدردنية الهاشمية وتخرج في جامعة بيروت حاملاً الإجازة في اللغة العربية وآدابها، ودبلوم التأهيل التربوي من كلية القديس يوسف بلبنان، ودبلوم الدراسات العليا (الماجستير) ودكتوراة في الإدارة التربوية من جامعة ولاية ميشيغان بالولايات المتحدة عام 1988، وشهادة الدكتوراه في علم الاجتماع المقارن من الجامعة نفسها عام 1991. عمل في التدريس والصحافة الأدبية. أديب وشاعر وقاص ، ,كما عمل في تلفزيون الكويت الرسمي كمعد ومنسق برامج ثم اتجه إلى الكتابة والتأليف في علوم كثيرة تخص علمي النفس والاجتماع والتنمية البشرية ، والتغير الاجتماعي والسكان وألف ونشر العديد من المقالات (1000 +) والكتب باللغتين العربية والإنجليزية (أكثر من 330 كتابا) ، منها ست مجموعات قصصية وست كتب للأطفال ، وأربع دواوين شعرية باللغتين أيضا. وعدد من كتب التراث في الشعر والأدب والأخلاق الإسلامية والتربية والأديان . وهو الآن أستاذ متقاعد في جامعة ولاية ميشيغان. . وكان عضوا سابقا في جمعية العلماء المسلمين في أمريكا . وجمعية علماء الاجتماع الأمريكية - ميشيغان، وهو مؤسس الموسوعة العربية الأمريكية في الولايات المتحدة ضمن مشروع إحياء التراث العربي في بلاد المهجرز كما تم ترشيحه مؤخرا ليكون عضو مجلس التحرير لمجلة الدراسات الإنسانية العالمية. وقد قبل أن يتسلم رئاسة تحريرها اعتبارا من نهاية يونيو 2014 His email: Thank you!
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3 Responses to Social Policy in the Arab World and Social Justice السياسات الاجتماعية في الدول العربية والعدالة الإجتماعية –

  1. Pingback: Two Minutes with Dr. Yahya: December Archieve, بالعربية والإنجليزية |

  2. Pingback: Two Minutes with Dr. Yahya: December Archieve, بالعربية والإنجليزية |

  3. Pingback: Two Minutes w/Dr. Yahya Archives: December 2011دقيقتان مع الدكتور يحيى -أرشيف : ديسمبر |

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