Could Arabs Have Renaisance Without Religion? I Strongly Doubt العرب والنهضة والدين

Could Arabs Have Renaisance Like Europe? I Strongly Doubt.

Articles on Arab Renaisance, Series in Arab History

Hasan A. Yahya, Ph.ds

 Arabs today need a “Renaisance Group” as was the case in Europe,  not a “Renaisance Man”. A group to lead people toward real Arab Renaisance. Making science its goal, and rules of logic and reasoning, principles of the new Arab Renaisance. With less emphasis on or omitting dogmatism supported by faith.

In Europe, the Renaissance  spanned almost as a cultural movement three hundred years (from the 14th to the 17th century) in Europe to take its perfect form.

In the Arab countries so far, depending on historical factors and political changes after the Uttoman Empire collapse, have a little under one century period.

In Europe, away from the Muslim and Arab influence of wars, too many elements were in action and goals planned or expected were set for accomplishments. Wars between competing states have been launched, Some defeated, others were victorious. Enlightenment age was  the result of competition between the state and the church. The facts of science  began to replace the spiritual facts about the universe.

The Arab countries, unfortunately have less control of wars, because wars were under colonial powers control. With no competition between state and church, the competition was between national identity and occupying forces.  The struggle was directed toward  formulatin an identity lost for several centuries. And to be free from foreign domination. This was the prime goal in most Arab countries, immediately after the collapse of the Uttoman Empire.

The factor of searching for Arab identity, was inspired by the attempt made by Jamal Abdul-Nasser of Egypt in 1951, as well as the nationalist Movement in other Arab countries, in what was known as the Nationalists Syrians,(initially led by Christian Arabs)  transformed to Nationalist Arabs led by the resurrection party in both Iraq and Syria.

While both were defeated after 1967 war, The competition trnsfered to be between nationalists led by Egypt, and Islamists led by Saudi Arabia (who hosted most Muslim Brothers leaders from Egypt after the defeat of their movement by hanging Sayyed Qutb, the spiritual father of the Muslim Brothers after Hassan al-Banna)

In Europe, science and arts, chemistry, biology, physics and humanities sciences began to take place rigorously following the spirit of age of scientific investigation. The population size was exploding, new technologies were established under industrial rules. Information was booming by discoveries of other areas, peoples, and cultures. The need for securing lines of communication through oceans created the need for new forces and new type of information to secure ability to secure shores, transportation lines, and factories overseas, Maps were created, knowledge became the supreme power for modern nations. Colonization was a must for powerful nations, the poor nations and poor peoples lack for education, information, effective means for resources production.  Knowledge defeated ignorance all over the world. Domination of the rich powerful nations to the rich resources nations was common to Industrial nations. Life is no more spiritual, materialism is becoming the new god of industrial nations.

In the Arab countries, North African Arab countries were struggling colonialism, few Arab intellectuals were having education outside the Kuttab schools, until Taha Hussein graduated fro the Sorbone, and appointed as the Minister of Education, where he signed the first law in his job, which was making education free for all, instead of education for the wealthy in 1924.

Few Arab countries were independent, but most of them were struggling to get rid of colonialim, which was working to suppress any progress made by the people on lands. A practice enforced equally, to keep colonial powers in control  and national aspirations incabable of ruling themselves.

Therefore, science and art including chemistry, biology, physics and humanities sciences did not have the chance to strat an age of scientific investigation. While Aab population was increasing, they were not permitted to technologies as was the case in Europe which defeated ignorance.

In the Arab countries, poor people lack education, information effective means for resources production, which was almost completely owned and controlled by colonial powers. People were more spiritualists than materialists as the case in Europe.

In Europe, Renaissance began in Florence in the Late Middle Ages and later spreading to the rest of Europe. As a cultural movement, it encompassed a resurgence of learning based on classical sources, the development of linear perspective in painting, and gradual but widespread educational reform. Traditionally, this intellectual transformation has resulted in the Renaissance being viewed as a bridge between the Middle Ages and the Modern Times. Although the Renaissance saw revolutions in many intellectual pursuits, as well as social and political upheaval, it is perhaps best known for its artistic developments and the contributions of such polymaths as Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo, who inspired the term “Renaissance Man”.

In the Arab countries wealthy people were selfish, civil organizations were traditionally managed, authoritarian regimes were established to secure their survival, were their effort to mak a difference, or a leap as in Europe was not found, Most resources went to Islamists who distribute Qur’an without doing any effort to promote logic, and reasoning which science depend on. Instead, people were interested in the form not the content. The media served well in this regard. And justice was lost or practiced among the few who are wealthy or supporters of the status quo. Theologians have lost their credibility by conforming to the regimes who appoint them. Intellectuals were supressed and presoned.There is no city or wealthy family in the Arab nations takes lead to support sciences and rules of research for a Renaisance like Florence in Italy-Europe.

In conclusion, a Renaisance cannot be established in a land without the basic principles of thinking and reasoning of science. These basic principle in the Arab lands still not existant. Instead, what we see, is promoting theologians to lead the society whith their mysterious interpretations and solutions of scientifc fields and everyday life. We need a group of men, similar to the man described by William Shakespeare in Hamlet: “What a piece of work is a man, how noble in reason, how infinite in faculties, in form and moving, how express and admirable in action, how like an angel in apprehension, how like a god!” Even though the seeds of a group is transforming in Egypt, Tunisia, Syria, Libya, Yemen, etc.,  they are in chios wither to make the government civil or theological.

The only way, as I see it,  to form a new renaisance in the region is to keep traditional theological thinking orders at homes, in order to establish scientific reasoning of social, economic and political areas in, schools, universities and institutions. Otherwise, religion will be remain Troid Horse as a means to steal the revolution victory in all the Arab lands. The cases in Tunisia, Egypt and Kuwait, and may be in Syria are few examples.

*** The writer is a former Professor of sociology, Michigan State University, Gratuate.

*** Note for readers: If you liked this, please let other people know about it. You may contact the writer using this site. Thank you!

About Arab American Encyclopedia-USA - Hasan Yahya

HASAN YAHYA was born at a small village called Majdal-YaFa (Majdal Sadiq) in Mandate Palestine (1944). He migrated as a refugee to Mes-ha, a village east of Kufr Qasim, west of Nablus (in the West Bank), then moved with his family to Zarka, 25 km north of Amman – Jordan. He finished the high school at Zarka Secondary School, 1963. He was appointed as a teacher in the same year. Studied Law first at Damascus University, then B.A from Lebanon University in Arabic literature and Eastern Cultures (1975). He moved to Kuwait. Where he got married in 1967. He was working at Kuwait Television, taught at bilingual School, and Kuwait University. In 1982, Hasan left to the United States to continue his education at Michigan State University. He got the Master Degree in 1983, the Ph.D degree in 1988 in Education (Psychology of Administration ). In 1991, He obtained his post degree in Social research, the result was a second Ph.D degree in Comparative sociology-Social Psychology. He was the only Arab student who enrolled ever to pursue two simultaneous Ph.D programs from Michigan State University and fulfill their requirements perfectly. Professor Yahya employment history began as a supervisor of a joint project to rehabilitate Youth (inmates out of prison) by Michigan State University and Intermediate School Districts. Worked also as a Teacher Assistant and lecturer in the same university. He was offered a position at Lansing Community College as well as Jackson Community College where he was assistant professor, then associate professor, then full professor (1991-2006). He taught Sociology, psychology, education, criminology and research methods. He supervised 19 Master and Ph.D candidates on various personal, economic psychological and social development topics. Professor Yahya published Hundreds (1000 Plus on this site) of articles and research reports in local, regional, and international journals. His interest covers local, regional and global conflicts. He also authored, translated, edited and published over 280 plus books in several languages, in almost all fields especial education, sociology and psychology. These books can be found on Amazon and Kindle. He also, was a visiting professor at Eastern Michigan University to give Research Methods and Conflict Management courses. Prof. Yahya accepted an offer to join Zayed University Faculty Team in 1998, then he served as the Head of Education and Psychology Department at Ajman University of Science and Technology 2001-04. Dr. Yahya established several institutes in Diaspora, the Arab American Encyclopedia, Ihyaa al Turath al Arabi Project, (Revival of Arab Heritage in Diaspora.Recently he was nominated for honorary committee member for the Union of Arab and Muslim Writers in America. He was affiliated with sociological associations and was a member of the Association of Muslim Social Scientists (AMSS) at USA. Social Activities and Community Participation: Dr. Yahya was a national figure on Diversity and Islamic Issues in the United States, with special attention to Race Relations and Psychology of Assimilation (generations 1,2 &3). He was invited as a public speaker to many TV shows and interviews in many countries. His philosophy includes enhancing knowledge to appreciate the others, and to compromise with others in order to live peacefully with others. This philosophy was the backgrounds of his theory, called “ Theory C. of Conflict Management”. And developed later to a Science of Cultural Normalization under the title: “Crescentology. The results of such theory will lead to world peace depends on a global Knowledge, Understanding, appreciation, and Compromising (KUAC)” Recently Prof. Yahya started "Publish your book FREE Project", to serve young Arab Writers. Dr. Yahya accepted the offer to be the chief editor of the International Humanities Studies Journal -I-H-S-Jerusalem, since July 2014. (Revised Sept. 2014) ولد الدكتور حسن عبدالقادر يحيى في مجدل يابا من أعمال يافا – فلسطين عام 1944. تلقى علومه الابتدائية في مدرسة بديا الأميرية في الضفة الغربية أيام احتوائها ضمن المملكة الأدردنية الهاشمية وتخرج في جامعة بيروت حاملاً الإجازة في اللغة العربية وآدابها، ودبلوم التأهيل التربوي من كلية القديس يوسف بلبنان، ودبلوم الدراسات العليا (الماجستير) ودكتوراة في الإدارة التربوية من جامعة ولاية ميشيغان بالولايات المتحدة عام 1988، وشهادة الدكتوراه في علم الاجتماع المقارن من الجامعة نفسها عام 1991. عمل في التدريس والصحافة الأدبية. أديب وشاعر وقاص ، ,كما عمل في تلفزيون الكويت الرسمي كمعد ومنسق برامج ثم اتجه إلى الكتابة والتأليف في علوم كثيرة تخص علمي النفس والاجتماع والتنمية البشرية ، والتغير الاجتماعي والسكان وألف ونشر العديد من المقالات (1000 +) والكتب باللغتين العربية والإنجليزية (أكثر من 330 كتابا) ، منها ست مجموعات قصصية وست كتب للأطفال ، وأربع دواوين شعرية باللغتين أيضا. وعدد من كتب التراث في الشعر والأدب والأخلاق الإسلامية والتربية والأديان . وهو الآن أستاذ متقاعد في جامعة ولاية ميشيغان. . وكان عضوا سابقا في جمعية العلماء المسلمين في أمريكا . وجمعية علماء الاجتماع الأمريكية - ميشيغان، وهو مؤسس الموسوعة العربية الأمريكية في الولايات المتحدة ضمن مشروع إحياء التراث العربي في بلاد المهجرز كما تم ترشيحه مؤخرا ليكون عضو مجلس التحرير لمجلة الدراسات الإنسانية العالمية. وقد قبل أن يتسلم رئاسة تحريرها اعتبارا من نهاية يونيو 2014 His email: Thank you!
This entry was posted in Arab Affairs, Arab American Encyclopedia, Decision Making, Disability, Hasan Yahya حسن يحيى, Ibn Khaldun ابن خلدون،, Islam & Muslim Affairs, Middle East Politics, Philosophy & Logic, Science. Bookmark the permalink.

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