دقيقتان مع الدكتور يحيى: أفكار للنهوض بالشعوب العربية ضمن مشروع نهضوي للعرب.
Two Minutes With Dr. Yahya: series of articles in the Process of Philosophy of the Arab Manifesto on nation Building.
Hasan Yahya, Ph.ds
ضمن مقالات فلسفة المشروع العربي
The Philosophy of the Arab Manifesto
الدكتور حسن يحيى ، أستاذ علم الاجتماع المقارن سابقا
لقطات حول التربية في العالم العربي / 2
Snapshots On Education in the Arab World/2
Facts in Modern Times
In this framework which the Arab region is working to achieve Education al goals. I shall summarize where the Arab world stands in a general manner, using the data from the EFA Global Monitoring Report 2002 and GMR 2003/2004.
Comparing the major regions of the world in terms of their likelihood of achieving the three quantitative goals set in Dakar, which concern the completion of primary education, gender parity and halving adult illiteracy. Note first that of the 28 countries judged by the 2002 Report as being seriously at risk of not achieving the three quantifiable educational goals, five countries are from the Arab States.
Second, at the other end of the scale, note that only four out of the 83 countries judged to have a high chance of achieving or having achieved all three goals are from the Arab States.
Concerning the the expansion of early childhood education, you can see that despite great improvement in pre-primary education, early childhood care and education are still a luxury for nearly all children. Average gross enrolment ratio for the Arab region is as low as 15.8%, while the average for all developing countries is 30.9% and the world average is 46.7%. Particularly low values are found in Algeria, Djibouti, Iraq, Libya, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Syria and Yemen where the gross enrolment ratio is less than 10 or even 5%. In countries such as Kuwait, Lebanon, Morocco and the United Arab Emirates, the figure is above 50%.
Moving on to primary level, it is good to report that enrolment at primary level grew by a healthy 17% (from 30.5 to 35.7 million) between 1990 and 2000, but the Arab region still has one of the lowest net enrolment ratios in all developing regions. About one fifth of eligible children, which means more than 7 million kids, are out-of-school: 60% of them are girls.
The Arab region, along with South and West Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, has the world’s biggest gender disparities at primary level. However, once girls have access to school they do as well or better than boys. Girls repeat less than boys and survival rates to grade 5 are higher for girls than for boys. This is reflected at the secondary education level, which has expanded from a gross enrolment ratio of 49% in 1990 to almost 70% in 2000. As seen in this slide, there are more girls than boys on this level. Girls’ participation in secondary education increased during the 1990s, with strong gains in Algeria, Mauritania and Tunisia. But large disparities in favour of boys remain in Djibouti, Iraq and Morocco.(448 words) To be continued/3
@Hasan Yahya, Michigan, April 2012
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