Two Minutes With Dr. Yahya:دقيقتان مع الدكتور يحيى: أفكارضمن مشروع نهضوي للعرب.


Arab Nations

دقيقتان مع الدكتور يحيى: أفكار للنهوض بالشعوب العربية ضمن مشروع  نهضوي للعرب.

Two Minutes With Dr. Yahya: series of articles in the Process of Philosophy of the Arab Manifesto on nation Building.

Hasan Yahya, Ph.ds

ضمن مقالات فلسفة المشروع العربي

The Philosophy of the Arab Manifesto

الدكتور حسن يحيى ، أستاذ علم الاجتماع المقارن سابقا

In this series of articles , professor Hasan Yahya an expert in comparative sociology, covers  an important topic: Education in the Arab Countries in the process of the Arab Manifesto on Nation Building. The series  include: history, some misunderstood issues,  females education, school management and teachers, evaluation and achievement and reformation in many Arab countries.

 Tags: philosophy,Justice, Truth, education, universities, reform, renaissance, Arab, Islamic, Muslim, teachers, institutions, civil society, hasan yahya, dryahyatv,askdryahya, West, East, development, progress, Egypt, Sudan, Qatar, UAE, Dubai, Kuwait, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Tunisia.

لقطات حول التربية في العالم العربي / 1

Snapshots On Education in the Arab World/1

Brief History

Introduction to the series. Usually, a snapshot means An isolated observation on a socio-political issue. In this snapshot we cover briefly history  of education in the Arab World.

To start, we must never forget, amid all the difficulties that the Arab countries face today, that the Arab world has a long intellectual and educational tradition. It has a tradition of expending human energy and resources on the search for knowledge in all its forms.

A little more than one thousand years ago, a credit may be given in the field of education that the most developed part of the world was the Arab world. In that time of history, and during the Abbasid period, the Arabs led the world in many areas of knowledge. That nature of their leadership should  hold lessons for today. Let me remind you first of some interesting aspects of the Arab education system of those times and then review where the region stands today regarding education.

An important basis for the blossoming of the Arab world was the statement of the the prophet Muhammad himself when he said that: “it is the duty of every Muslim (man and woman) to seek education”. This tradition founded mosque schools where under his influence Arabs pursued knowledge for its own sake. The use of Arabic, the language of the Qoran, spread with Islam and gave a common means of communication to people almost all areas of the world.

The Arabs were transformers of knowledge from previous civilizations. They  translated and preserved teachings from Greece, India, China  and Persia and from these texts a mass revolution in education began during the Abbasid dynasty (750H,1258AD) which we might compare to any campaign launched by the UN agencies today. Mosque schools were open to rich and poor and to men and women alike in soliatary or separated groups. Initially,  lessons on the Koran and hadith (the science of tradition) were restricted to Muslims, non-Muslims could attend lessons in other subjects such as jurisprudence, philology, poetry and rhetoric.

Muslim philosophers and thinkers in almost all field of knowledge prospered in that period. Today, to many outside the Arab world, the term madrasa (which means place of learning place) evokes a narrow, even reactionary, education focused solely on the Koran. History tells a different story. As particular madrasas grew and attracted scholars from all over the Arab empire the number of disciplines grew. Teachers received good salaries and scholarships were available to students. Funds came from both government and private sources.

In a phenomenon that was a precursor to the movement of scholars between the universities of medieval Europe, travelling from city to city in search of knowledge was a common practice in the early centuries of Islam. Academies built up impressive collections of books and knowledge was freely shared. Arab influence spread to Spain and beyond, knowledge transfer based on Arab learning and scholarship helped to advance education in Europe, adding new disciplines to the traditional seven liberal arts, and introducing empirical methods to research.

To name a few examples of famous scholars and pholsophers, Avicenna (980–1037) and Averroes (1126–98) that Europe came to know the works of Aristotle. The Muslim world was far more advanced in its knowledge of Greek philosophy than the West. Muslims had access to the chief works of Aristotle before Western Europe finally received them.

Concerning women, the hot issue in western perception, viewing of the current status of women in much of the Arab world  in those days there were no restrictions on women attending classes and pursuing knowledge, women became teachers,  taught classes included men. At that time Arab women contributed strongly to the economic, political and social life of their society. They excelled in medicine, poetry, oratory and several other subjects.

In numerical terms today, Arab education has made slow if steady progress in recent years, even if a good part of the expansion of school systems has been absorbed by the rapid increase in the population of children. However, the challenge is not merely, indeed not primarily, numerical. All Arab States must reflect on whether the educational systems that they are trying to expand are properly organized to achieve the objectives that they wish to achieve. (713 words)

Hasanyahya.com

@Hasan Yahya, Michigan, April 2012

www.arabamericanencyclopedia.com

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عرب يا رسول الله ….عرب

طيبون ، ولكن أكثرهم لا يقرأون ، وقليل منهم يعلمون، فهل ندعهم في غيهم وجهلهم يعمهون؟ فيا عربي ، اجعل القراءة من هواياتك المفضلة، وإذا أعجبك ما تقرأ فساهم في إحياء التراث العربي في المهجر،  أرسلوا مساهماتكم وما يجود به كرمكم عبر حساب البي بال PayPal Account    askdryahya@yahoo.com

وشكرا Read Hasan Yahya at Amazon

About Arab American Encyclopedia-USA - Hasan Yahya

HASAN YAHYA was born at a small village called Majdal-YaFa (Majdal Sadiq) in Mandate Palestine (1944). He migrated as a refugee to Mes-ha, a village east of Kufr Qasim, west of Nablus (in the West Bank), then moved with his family to Zarka, 25 km north of Amman – Jordan. He finished the high school at Zarka Secondary School, 1963. He was appointed as a teacher in the same year. Studied Law first at Damascus University, then B.A from Lebanon University in Arabic literature and Eastern Cultures (1975). He moved to Kuwait. Where he got married in 1967. He was working at Kuwait Television, taught at bilingual School, and Kuwait University. In 1982, Hasan left to the United States to continue his education at Michigan State University. He got the Master Degree in 1983, the Ph.D degree in 1988 in Education (Psychology of Administration ). In 1991, He obtained his post degree in Social research, the result was a second Ph.D degree in Comparative sociology-Social Psychology. He was the only Arab student who enrolled ever to pursue two simultaneous Ph.D programs from Michigan State University and fulfill their requirements perfectly. Professor Yahya employment history began as a supervisor of a joint project to rehabilitate Youth (inmates out of prison) by Michigan State University and Intermediate School Districts. Worked also as a Teacher Assistant and lecturer in the same university. He was offered a position at Lansing Community College as well as Jackson Community College where he was assistant professor, then associate professor, then full professor (1991-2006). He taught Sociology, psychology, education, criminology and research methods. He supervised 19 Master and Ph.D candidates on various personal, economic psychological and social development topics. Professor Yahya published Hundreds (1000 Plus on this site) of articles and research reports in local, regional, and international journals. His interest covers local, regional and global conflicts. He also authored, translated, edited and published over 280 plus books in several languages, in almost all fields especial education, sociology and psychology. These books can be found on Amazon and Kindle. He also, was a visiting professor at Eastern Michigan University to give Research Methods and Conflict Management courses. Prof. Yahya accepted an offer to join Zayed University Faculty Team in 1998, then he served as the Head of Education and Psychology Department at Ajman University of Science and Technology 2001-04. Dr. Yahya established several institutes in Diaspora, the Arab American Encyclopedia, Ihyaa al Turath al Arabi Project, (Revival of Arab Heritage in Diaspora.Recently he was nominated for honorary committee member for the Union of Arab and Muslim Writers in America. He was affiliated with sociological associations and was a member of the Association of Muslim Social Scientists (AMSS) at USA. Social Activities and Community Participation: Dr. Yahya was a national figure on Diversity and Islamic Issues in the United States, with special attention to Race Relations and Psychology of Assimilation (generations 1,2 &3). He was invited as a public speaker to many TV shows and interviews in many countries. His philosophy includes enhancing knowledge to appreciate the others, and to compromise with others in order to live peacefully with others. This philosophy was the backgrounds of his theory, called “ Theory C. of Conflict Management”. And developed later to a Science of Cultural Normalization under the title: “Crescentology. The results of such theory will lead to world peace depends on a global Knowledge, Understanding, appreciation, and Compromising (KUAC)” Recently Prof. Yahya started "Publish your book FREE Project", to serve young Arab Writers. Dr. Yahya accepted the offer to be the chief editor of the International Humanities Studies Journal -I-H-S-Jerusalem, since July 2014. (Revised Sept. 2014) ولد الدكتور حسن عبدالقادر يحيى في مجدل يابا من أعمال يافا – فلسطين عام 1944. تلقى علومه الابتدائية في مدرسة بديا الأميرية في الضفة الغربية أيام احتوائها ضمن المملكة الأدردنية الهاشمية وتخرج في جامعة بيروت حاملاً الإجازة في اللغة العربية وآدابها، ودبلوم التأهيل التربوي من كلية القديس يوسف بلبنان، ودبلوم الدراسات العليا (الماجستير) ودكتوراة في الإدارة التربوية من جامعة ولاية ميشيغان بالولايات المتحدة عام 1988، وشهادة الدكتوراه في علم الاجتماع المقارن من الجامعة نفسها عام 1991. عمل في التدريس والصحافة الأدبية. أديب وشاعر وقاص ، ,كما عمل في تلفزيون الكويت الرسمي كمعد ومنسق برامج ثم اتجه إلى الكتابة والتأليف في علوم كثيرة تخص علمي النفس والاجتماع والتنمية البشرية ، والتغير الاجتماعي والسكان وألف ونشر العديد من المقالات (1000 +) والكتب باللغتين العربية والإنجليزية (أكثر من 330 كتابا) ، منها ست مجموعات قصصية وست كتب للأطفال ، وأربع دواوين شعرية باللغتين أيضا. وعدد من كتب التراث في الشعر والأدب والأخلاق الإسلامية والتربية والأديان . وهو الآن أستاذ متقاعد في جامعة ولاية ميشيغان. . وكان عضوا سابقا في جمعية العلماء المسلمين في أمريكا . وجمعية علماء الاجتماع الأمريكية - ميشيغان، وهو مؤسس الموسوعة العربية الأمريكية في الولايات المتحدة ضمن مشروع إحياء التراث العربي في بلاد المهجرز كما تم ترشيحه مؤخرا ليكون عضو مجلس التحرير لمجلة الدراسات الإنسانية العالمية. وقد قبل أن يتسلم رئاسة تحريرها اعتبارا من نهاية يونيو 2014 His email: askdryahya@yahoo.com Thank you!
This entry was posted in Arab Affairs, Arab American Encyclopedia, Arab Literature, Busness Management, Global Affairs, Hasan Yahya حسن يحيى, Ibn Khaldun ابن خلدون،, Islam & Muslim Affairs, Middle East Politics, Philosophy & Logic, Sociology, Women Affairs, حضارة عرب،. Bookmark the permalink.

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