Two Minutes With Dr. Yahya: Philosophy of Arab Manifesto.


Emotional Signs negate logic

Two Minutes With Dr. Yahya:   Philosophy of Arab Manifesto.

ضمن مقالات فلسفة المشروع العربي

The Philosophy of the Arab Manifesto

Articles On Philosophy/2

د. حسن يحيى Hasan Yahya, Ph.ds

Professor of Philosophy

Beginning with Arabs and Jews philosophers who lived in an Islamic land, namely, Andalusia (Spain) for a long time, the intellect were educated in Arabic language. I studies Muslim, Jewish and Christian philosophers, for example in Islam I was fond of  al-Kindi, al-Ghazali, al-Farabi, Ibn Sina (Avicenna), Ibn Rush (Averroes), In Judaism, Moses Maimonides, and Saadiah Geon, and in Christianity, Aristotle and Thomas Aquinas. Because I believed that the best human state is to be a philosopher, because wise men of the world are philosophers. They dealt with every question through reason until proved true. For them, reasons of things are gathered from things around them. In the early years of my studies at the university I was fond of studying theories and their application. When philosophy pumped up in my mind one day, I was in a group discussing the relation between the two R’s (reason and revelation).

Jews and Muslim philosophers in that period fought parallel battles concerning the study of philosophy especially in the subject of the  two R’s. Moses Maimonides in his “treatise on Logic”  referred the debate between superiority of logic over grammar, portraying logic as universal grammar and distinguishing between generally accepted religious  opinions,  traditions and universally as necessary valid ones.

Al-Ghazali can be viewed  as anti-philosophical, but in fact, he was not opposed to philosophy per say, but rather challenged the philosophical approaches of those who in uncritical way accepted too readily certain Greek philosophical positions. For example, Aristotelian theses concerning the natural world by affirming that God knows only universals, not particulars, and maintaining that the world and soul are eternal.

Saadiah Geon, the Jewish philosopher, wrote in Arabic in the 10th century. His book “Doctrines of Beliefs” to enhance Jewish belief. He provided “Attributes of God” like Muslims who made “the 99 Best God’s  names” Both  al-Ghazali and Saadiah  denunciated the Christian Trinity, and defended the four Aristotelian arguments about: Creation-nihilo, but opposed Aristotle’s theory of eternity of the world.

The main conflict between philosophy and theology in terms of the two Rs roads were similar and reached their highest intensity when philosophy, is taken in its strictest sense, referring to the Platonic Philosophy in the earlier medieval conflicts, that led to the philosophy of Aristotle when his non-logical works become translated into Arabic and Latin.

Averroes and Maimonides were influential philosophers in their commentaries and translation, the second followed strongly the first, in addition to al-Farabi. The extended results of the debate for al-Farabi was, that religion is essentially  the popular expression of philosophy, communicated to the non-philosophical beliefs of the prophets. Al-Farabi position is as influential among others including  Averroes, and Avicenna.  Maimonides was the one who provided a contrast treatment of philosophical logic and grammar of ordinary language. He adopted the same beliefs in their systems. The attitudes in the 11th century toward reason and revelation were found unacceptable by many Muslim and Jewish theologians who interpret the Divine Laws.

Al-Kindi, earlier, however, a Muslim philosopher, began atBaghdad,  where the translations of Aristotle’s “Metaphysics”  and “On the Heavens” made and became available.

Averroes was in charge of a project to clear Aristotle philosophy and  ideas. Giving his rebuttal “Tahafut al-Tahafut” to al-Ghazali’s book “Tahafut al-Falasiphah”. Incoherence of Philosophers. In addition, Averroes gave his famous commentaries on Aristotle’s ideas, in the  old logic of Aristotle and al-ghazali, and the new logic of Ibn Sina (Avicenna), Ibn Rushd (Averroes), where the first emphasizes the theological philosophy, and the second two emphasize Aristotle’s Prior Analtics, Posterior, Analytics Topics and sophistical refutations, known after Arab, Jewish, and Christian Philosophers translations of Averroes and Avicenna, Moses Maimonides, and Thomas Aquinas.(Yahya: The Cor of Logic for the Arab and  Muslim world– 2009)

For Averroes, the Qur’an in fact, requires the intellectical elites (Ulama) to pursue philosophy Where the core is logic. There are few of these intellectuals who can distinguish between demonstration on the one hand and not demonstration on the other in a true argument. Because demonstration term followed creation of the matter first to be demonstrated by logic. Yahya (2009) in the above mentioned  article describes the combined Muslim, Jewish, and Christian thoughts about the truth. He says:

“In Islam Qur’an, as well as Torah and Bible, expresses its truth,  by three levels corresponding to three main  intellectual classes, namely, demonstratively, dialectically, and rhetorically, demonstrative as valid reasoning from necessary creation, as Aristotle, Averroes, and Avicenna demonstrated in their thought on matter and existence as the  highest form of rational discourse and only produces perfect knowledge. It is also, the only one guarantees unity of truth.” (Yahya 2009)

كتاب العبرات للمنفلوطي  www.hasanyahya.com

كتاب العبرات للمنفلوطي
http://www.hasanyahya.com

Maimonides translated Averroes’s commentaries from Arabic to Hebrew, then later translated to Latin, Where it became available forEuropephilosophers. Without this continuous line of thoughts concerning logic, started with Aristotle  through Islam, Averroes and Judaism, Maimonides to Christians with Thomas Aquinas and ended with the renaissance philosophers, none of this logic have been available today. We awe much to the cooperation of the three faiths to bring civilization to modern times.    (853 words) Hasanyahya.com

@Hasan Yahya, Michigan, April 2012

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عشرة آلاف بيت من الشعر العربي في كتاب واحد  www.hasanyahya.com

عشرة آلاف بيت من الشعر العربي في كتاب واحد
http://www.hasanyahya.com

Hasan Yahya is a Palestinian Sociologist and Historian, former professor of Comparative Sociology and Educational Administration at Michigan State University and Jackson Community College. He is the Board Editing member at International Humanities Studies (IHS) Journal.  Dr. Yahya is the originator of Arab American Encyclopedia and Ihyaa al Turath al Arabi fil Mahjar-USA. His publication may be observed on Amazon and Kindle. To reach the writer: Email: askdryahya@yahoo.com

Credentials:

Ph.D in Comparative Socioloy 1991, Michigan State University.

Ph.D in Educational Administration, Michigan State Univ.

M.A Psychology of Schhols Conflict Management, Michigan State Univ.

Diploma M.A, Oriental Studies, St. Joseph Univ. Beirut, Lebanon

B.A Modern and Classical Arab Literature

Life Achievements: Publishing 250 plus Books and 1000 plus articles

عرب يا رسول الله ….عرب

طيبون ، ولكن أكثرهم لا يقرأون ، وقليل منهم يعلمون، فهل ندعهم في غيهم وجهلهم يعمهون؟ فيا عربي ، اجعل القراءة من هواياتك المفضلة، وإذا أعجبك ما تقرأ فساهم في إحياء التراث العربي في المهجر،  أرسلوا مساهماتكم وما يجود به كرمكم عبر حساب البي بال PayPal Account    askdryahya@yahoo.com

وشكرا

قم بزيارة موقع كتب المؤلف هنا

قم بزيارة موقع كتب المؤلف هنا

  الكاتب الأديب العربي الفلسطيني www.hasanyahya.comالدكتور حسن يحيى

الكاتب الأديب العربي الفلسطيني
http://www.hasanyahya.comالدكتور حسن يحيى

Read Hasan Yahya at Amazon

www.arabamericanencyclopedia.com

About Arab American Encyclopedia-USA - Hasan Yahya

HASAN YAHYA was born at a small village called Majdal-YaFa (Majdal Sadiq) in Mandate Palestine (1944). He migrated as a refugee to Mes-ha, a village east of Kufr Qasim, west of Nablus (in the West Bank), then moved with his family to Zarka, 25 km north of Amman – Jordan. He finished the high school at Zarka Secondary School, 1963. He was appointed as a teacher in the same year. Studied Law first at Damascus University, then B.A from Lebanon University in Arabic literature and Eastern Cultures (1975). He moved to Kuwait. Where he got married in 1967. He was working at Kuwait Television, taught at bilingual School, and Kuwait University. In 1982, Hasan left to the United States to continue his education at Michigan State University. He got the Master Degree in 1983, the Ph.D degree in 1988 in Education (Psychology of Administration ). In 1991, He obtained his post degree in Social research, the result was a second Ph.D degree in Comparative sociology-Social Psychology. He was the only Arab student who enrolled ever to pursue two simultaneous Ph.D programs from Michigan State University and fulfill their requirements perfectly. Professor Yahya employment history began as a supervisor of a joint project to rehabilitate Youth (inmates out of prison) by Michigan State University and Intermediate School Districts. Worked also as a Teacher Assistant and lecturer in the same university. He was offered a position at Lansing Community College as well as Jackson Community College where he was assistant professor, then associate professor, then full professor (1991-2006). He taught Sociology, psychology, education, criminology and research methods. He supervised 19 Master and Ph.D candidates on various personal, economic psychological and social development topics. Professor Yahya published Hundreds (1000 Plus on this site) of articles and research reports in local, regional, and international journals. His interest covers local, regional and global conflicts. He also authored, translated, edited and published over 280 plus books in several languages, in almost all fields especial education, sociology and psychology. These books can be found on Amazon and Kindle. He also, was a visiting professor at Eastern Michigan University to give Research Methods and Conflict Management courses. Prof. Yahya accepted an offer to join Zayed University Faculty Team in 1998, then he served as the Head of Education and Psychology Department at Ajman University of Science and Technology 2001-04. Dr. Yahya established several institutes in Diaspora, the Arab American Encyclopedia, Ihyaa al Turath al Arabi Project, (Revival of Arab Heritage in Diaspora.Recently he was nominated for honorary committee member for the Union of Arab and Muslim Writers in America. He was affiliated with sociological associations and was a member of the Association of Muslim Social Scientists (AMSS) at USA. Social Activities and Community Participation: Dr. Yahya was a national figure on Diversity and Islamic Issues in the United States, with special attention to Race Relations and Psychology of Assimilation (generations 1,2 &3). He was invited as a public speaker to many TV shows and interviews in many countries. His philosophy includes enhancing knowledge to appreciate the others, and to compromise with others in order to live peacefully with others. This philosophy was the backgrounds of his theory, called “ Theory C. of Conflict Management”. And developed later to a Science of Cultural Normalization under the title: “Crescentology. The results of such theory will lead to world peace depends on a global Knowledge, Understanding, appreciation, and Compromising (KUAC)” Recently Prof. Yahya started "Publish your book FREE Project", to serve young Arab Writers. Dr. Yahya accepted the offer to be the chief editor of the International Humanities Studies Journal -I-H-S-Jerusalem, since July 2014. (Revised Sept. 2014) ولد الدكتور حسن عبدالقادر يحيى في مجدل يابا من أعمال يافا – فلسطين عام 1944. تلقى علومه الابتدائية في مدرسة بديا الأميرية في الضفة الغربية أيام احتوائها ضمن المملكة الأدردنية الهاشمية وتخرج في جامعة بيروت حاملاً الإجازة في اللغة العربية وآدابها، ودبلوم التأهيل التربوي من كلية القديس يوسف بلبنان، ودبلوم الدراسات العليا (الماجستير) ودكتوراة في الإدارة التربوية من جامعة ولاية ميشيغان بالولايات المتحدة عام 1988، وشهادة الدكتوراه في علم الاجتماع المقارن من الجامعة نفسها عام 1991. عمل في التدريس والصحافة الأدبية. أديب وشاعر وقاص ، ,كما عمل في تلفزيون الكويت الرسمي كمعد ومنسق برامج ثم اتجه إلى الكتابة والتأليف في علوم كثيرة تخص علمي النفس والاجتماع والتنمية البشرية ، والتغير الاجتماعي والسكان وألف ونشر العديد من المقالات (1000 +) والكتب باللغتين العربية والإنجليزية (أكثر من 330 كتابا) ، منها ست مجموعات قصصية وست كتب للأطفال ، وأربع دواوين شعرية باللغتين أيضا. وعدد من كتب التراث في الشعر والأدب والأخلاق الإسلامية والتربية والأديان . وهو الآن أستاذ متقاعد في جامعة ولاية ميشيغان. . وكان عضوا سابقا في جمعية العلماء المسلمين في أمريكا . وجمعية علماء الاجتماع الأمريكية - ميشيغان، وهو مؤسس الموسوعة العربية الأمريكية في الولايات المتحدة ضمن مشروع إحياء التراث العربي في بلاد المهجرز كما تم ترشيحه مؤخرا ليكون عضو مجلس التحرير لمجلة الدراسات الإنسانية العالمية. وقد قبل أن يتسلم رئاسة تحريرها اعتبارا من نهاية يونيو 2014 His email: askdryahya@yahoo.com Thank you!
This entry was posted in albahaspace, Arab Affairs, Arab American Encyclopedia, Arab Cluture, Arab Literature, Arab Manifesto, Arab Philosophy, Articles, Business Management, Crescentology, Decision Making, Dryahyatv, Gandil Umm Hashim-Arab Literature, Global Affairs, Hasan Yahya حسن يحيى, Health Research, History, Ibn Khaldun ابن خلدون،, Islam & Muslim Affairs, Middle East Politics, Philosophy & Logic, Project Management., Religions and Spirts, Research Methods, Sociology, USA-Affairs, Women Affairs, حضارة عرب،, علوم وأدب and tagged , . Bookmark the permalink.

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