Two Minutes with Dr. Yahya: Ghassan Kanafani, A Man from Palestine- دقيقتان مع الدكتور يحيى : غسان كنفاني ، شخصية من فلسطين


     كل قصص الحب ………….. تبدأ بنظرة
وحب أبناء فلسطين لها ……… كان بالفطره – بنت مجدل يابا: منال ريان

 

 

 

 

 

دقيقتان مع الدكتور يحيى : غسان كنفاني ، شخصية من فلسطين
Two Minutes with Dr. Yahya: Ghassan Kanafani, A Man from Palestine

Philosophy of Arab Manifesto

ضمن مشروع النهضة العربية

د. حسن يحيى : أستاذ سابق لعلم الاحتماع المقارن

Dr. Hasan Yahya: Former professor of Comparative sociology

The literature on Palestinian historical personalities shows that Ghassan Fayiz Kanafani was born in the same year where the first Palestinian Uprising took place in 1936. And died far from his birthplace, in 1972. He was born in Mandatory Palestine. The son of a Sunni Muslim middle-class lawyer, he attended French missionary schools until forced into exile during the 1948 Palestine war.

After a brief stay in Lebanon, his family eventually settled in Damascus, where Kanafani completed his secondary education and received a United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) teaching certificate in 1952. That same year he enrolled in the Department of Arabic Literature at the University of Damascus but was expelled in 1955 as a result of his involvement in the pan-Arabist Movement of Arab Nationalists (MAN), to which he had been recruited by Dr. George Habash when the two met in 1953. His thesis, “Race and Religion in Zionist Literature,” formed the basis for his 1967 study On Zionist Literature.

In 1955 Kanafani left Syria for a teaching position in Kuwait, and the following year he became editor of the MAN newspaper al-Ra’i (Opinion), until Habash persuaded him to move to Beirut and join the staff of MAN’s official mouthpiece al-Huriyya (Freedom) in 1960. While in Kuwait, Kanafani also wrote the first of numerous short stories and began to take a serious interest in Marxism. Forced underground in 1962 because he lacked official papers, Kanafani reemerged the following year as editor in chief of the new progressive Nasirite newspaper al-Muharrir (The Liberator) and editor of its weekly supplement, Filastin (Palestine). In 1963 he also published his first and best-known novel, Men in the Sun, which has since been translated into numerous languages and made into several screenplays.
Kanafani’s prolific literary output, highly acclaimed for its innovative techniques, social consciousness, and fluent understanding of the Palestinian condition, won him the Lebanese Literature Prize (awarded for the novella All That’s Left to You) in 1966 and, posthumously, the Afro-Asian Writers’ Conference Lotus Prize in 1975. An important figure in modern Arab fiction, he also introduced the concept of “resistance literature” in two studies in Palestinian Literature under Israeli occupation published in 1966 and 1968. In 1967, Kanafani joined the editorial board of the Nasirite newspaper al-Anwar (Illumination); he served as editor-in-chief of its weekly magazine and wrote widely read opinion pieces for the magazine as well. That year he also participated in the founding of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP), which emerged as the radical Marxist Palestinian branch of the defunct MAN.

Elected to its politburo and appointed its official spokesman, Kanafani in July 1969 resigned from al-Anwar to establish and edit the PFLP’s weekly organ, al-Hadaf (The target). Before the year was out, he published two more novellas, Return to Haifa and Sa’ad’s Mother: He also began work on a third novella and completed a short story.

Along with Habash, with whom he was on close terms, Kanafani had made the transition from Nasirite pan-Arabism to revolutionary Palestinian nationalism. As the PFLP spokesperson and an author of its 1969 August Program, he continuously demonstrated his deep commitment to the Palestinian struggle.

On July 9, 1972, several weeks after the PFLP claimed responsibility for an attack by three Japanese Red army gunmen at Lod Airport that left twenty-six dead, Kanafani, age thirty-six, and a young niece were killed by a bomb planted in his car by the Israeli Mossad. Shortly after his death his only historical study, The 1936-1939 Revolution in Palestine, examining the popular rebellion that began the month he was born, appeared. Several novels, one begun in 1966, were never finished.

In death, Kanafani was immortalized by his people. His birthday, April 9, has inspired a national event during which Palestinians celebrate his life and work (in the Occupied Territories with strikes and demonstrations), and his face has adorned every issue of al-Hadaf since his assassination. His Danish wife, Anni Hoover, has remained with their two children in Beirut, where she is involved with the Ghassan Kanafani Cultural Foundation.

In short, Ghassan Kanafani was above all a product of his times. His journalism and fiction skillfully narrate the tribulations and aspiration of his people and generation.

Anni Kanafani his wife narrated this story in the day of his assassination by Israeli Mossad. She wrote:

On the morning of the assassination we all sat longer than usual drinking our Turkish coffee on the balcony. As always Ghassan had many things to talk about, and we were always ready to listen. That morning he was telling us about his comrades in the PFLP (Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine) and then him and his sister Fayzeh began to talk about their childhood in Palestine…

Before leaving for his office, he fixed the electric train for our son Fayez and his two cousins. The three of them were playing inside the house that morning. Lames, Ghassan’s niece, was to go down-town with her uncle for the first time since she had arrived from Kuwait with her mother and brothers one week before; she was going to visit her cousins in Beirut – she never got there. Two minutes after Ghassan and Lamees had kissed us good-bye there was a dreadful explosion.

All the windows in the house were blown out. I ran down, only to find the burning remains of our small car. We found Lamees a few meters away, Ghassan wasn’t there. I called his name – then I discovered his left leg. I stood paralyzed, while Fayez knocked his head against the wall and our daughter Laila cried again and again: ‘Baba, Baba…’

Still I had a small hope that maybe he was only seriously injured… They found him in the valley beside our house and took him away – I had no chance to see him again.

Usamah sat beside the body of his dead sister, telling her, ‘Don’t worry, Lamees, you’ll be all right and you’ll teach me English again, like before…’

In the evening our little Laila told me: ‘Mama, I asked Baba to take me in the car and buy chocolate, but he was busy and gave me a bar he had in his pocket. Then he kissed me and told me to go home. I sat on the steps of our house to eat the chocolate, and then there was a big bang. But Mama, it wasn’t his fault – the Israelis put the bomb in Baba’s car.

In commemoration of Kanafani’s occasion of the 30th anniversary of his death and his young niece Lamees, commemorations were held in Lebanon, Jordan, Syria, Palestine and other countries during the month of July, 2003. Writers, journalists and other personalities from several Arab countries, as well as representatives from GKCF and Ghassan’s family, contributed to his memory through exhibitions, lectures, articles and studies about him as a writer, journalist, artist, patriot and as a person.

In Beirut, the commemoration was organized as a cultural event at the UNESCO Palace, where the Lebanese Minister of Culture opened an art exhibition with more than 200 paintings and other works of art by children from the GKCF. Songs and poems about Palestine and the Intifada were performed by well known singers, and some of Kanafani’s short stories were read aloud for an audience of more than 1000 persons.

Furthermore, two of Ghassan’ s book for children, The Small Lantern, which he wrote and illustrated for his niece Lamees on her 9th birthday, and the short story collection Palestine’s Children, were presented to children in the Arab world through the publications of some of the leading Arab newspapers.

Ghassan Kanafani Works in Arabic

  • Mawt Sarir      raqm 12, 1961
  • Ard      al-burtugal al-hazin, 1963
  • Rijal      fi-al-shams, 1963 – Men in the Sun and Other Palestinian Stories (trans.      by Hilary Kilpatrick)
  • al-Bab,      1964
  • Alam laysa      lana, 1965
  • Adab      al-muqawamah fi filastin al-muhtalla 1948-1966, 1966
  • Ma tabaqqa      lakum, 1966 – All That’s Left to You: A Novella and Other Stories (trans.      by Jeremy Reed, May Jayyusi)
  • Fi al-Abab      al-sahyuni, 1967
  • al-Adab      al-filastinial-muqawin tahta al-ihtilal: 1948-1968, 1968
  • An al-rijal      wa-al-banadiq, 1968
  • Umm Sad,      1969
  • A’id ila      Hayfa, 1970
  • al-A ma      wa-al-atrash, 1972
  • Barquq      Naysan, 1972
  • al-Qubba’ah      wa-al-nabi, 1973
  • Thawrat      193639 fi filastin, 1974
  • Jusr ila      al-abad, 1978
  • al-Qamis      al-masruq wa-qisas ukhra, 1982
  • ‘The Slave      Fort’ in Arabic Short Stories, 1983 (trans. by Denys Johnson-Davies)
  • with      others: Palestine’s Children: Returning to Haifa & Other Stories, 2000

www.dryahyatv.com

*** The writer is a former professor of sociology.

هدية مجانية للقراء والباحثين الكرام من المؤلف

FREE GIFT for Readers

From the author

كتاب مقاييس الدكتور يحيى للبحوث النفسية والاجتماعية

أو انقل الرابط التالي والصقه وتمتع بقراءة الكتاب

http://askdryahya.com/HYMeasuresComplete.pdf

***

About Arab American Encyclopedia-USA - Hasan Yahya

HASAN YAHYA was born at a small village called Majdal-YaFa (Majdal Sadiq) in Mandate Palestine (1944). He migrated as a refugee to Mes-ha, a village east of Kufr Qasim, west of Nablus (in the West Bank), then moved with his family to Zarka, 25 km north of Amman – Jordan. He finished the high school at Zarka Secondary School, 1963. He was appointed as a teacher in the same year. Studied Law first at Damascus University, then B.A from Lebanon University in Arabic literature and Eastern Cultures (1975). He moved to Kuwait. Where he got married in 1967. He was working at Kuwait Television, taught at bilingual School, and Kuwait University. In 1982, Hasan left to the United States to continue his education at Michigan State University. He got the Master Degree in 1983, the Ph.D degree in 1988 in Education (Psychology of Administration ). In 1991, He obtained his post degree in Social research, the result was a second Ph.D degree in Comparative sociology-Social Psychology. He was the only Arab student who enrolled ever to pursue two simultaneous Ph.D programs from Michigan State University and fulfill their requirements perfectly. Professor Yahya employment history began as a supervisor of a joint project to rehabilitate Youth (inmates out of prison) by Michigan State University and Intermediate School Districts. Worked also as a Teacher Assistant and lecturer in the same university. He was offered a position at Lansing Community College as well as Jackson Community College where he was assistant professor, then associate professor, then full professor (1991-2006). He taught Sociology, psychology, education, criminology and research methods. He supervised 19 Master and Ph.D candidates on various personal, economic psychological and social development topics. Professor Yahya published Hundreds (1000 Plus on this site) of articles and research reports in local, regional, and international journals. His interest covers local, regional and global conflicts. He also authored, translated, edited and published over 280 plus books in several languages, in almost all fields especial education, sociology and psychology. These books can be found on Amazon and Kindle. He also, was a visiting professor at Eastern Michigan University to give Research Methods and Conflict Management courses. Prof. Yahya accepted an offer to join Zayed University Faculty Team in 1998, then he served as the Head of Education and Psychology Department at Ajman University of Science and Technology 2001-04. Dr. Yahya established several institutes in Diaspora, the Arab American Encyclopedia, Ihyaa al Turath al Arabi Project, (Revival of Arab Heritage in Diaspora.Recently he was nominated for honorary committee member for the Union of Arab and Muslim Writers in America. He was affiliated with sociological associations and was a member of the Association of Muslim Social Scientists (AMSS) at USA. Social Activities and Community Participation: Dr. Yahya was a national figure on Diversity and Islamic Issues in the United States, with special attention to Race Relations and Psychology of Assimilation (generations 1,2 &3). He was invited as a public speaker to many TV shows and interviews in many countries. His philosophy includes enhancing knowledge to appreciate the others, and to compromise with others in order to live peacefully with others. This philosophy was the backgrounds of his theory, called “ Theory C. of Conflict Management”. And developed later to a Science of Cultural Normalization under the title: “Crescentology. The results of such theory will lead to world peace depends on a global Knowledge, Understanding, appreciation, and Compromising (KUAC)” Recently Prof. Yahya started "Publish your book FREE Project", to serve young Arab Writers. Dr. Yahya accepted the offer to be the chief editor of the International Humanities Studies Journal -I-H-S-Jerusalem, since July 2014. (Revised Sept. 2014) ولد الدكتور حسن عبدالقادر يحيى في مجدل يابا من أعمال يافا – فلسطين عام 1944. تلقى علومه الابتدائية في مدرسة بديا الأميرية في الضفة الغربية أيام احتوائها ضمن المملكة الأدردنية الهاشمية وتخرج في جامعة بيروت حاملاً الإجازة في اللغة العربية وآدابها، ودبلوم التأهيل التربوي من كلية القديس يوسف بلبنان، ودبلوم الدراسات العليا (الماجستير) ودكتوراة في الإدارة التربوية من جامعة ولاية ميشيغان بالولايات المتحدة عام 1988، وشهادة الدكتوراه في علم الاجتماع المقارن من الجامعة نفسها عام 1991. عمل في التدريس والصحافة الأدبية. أديب وشاعر وقاص ، ,كما عمل في تلفزيون الكويت الرسمي كمعد ومنسق برامج ثم اتجه إلى الكتابة والتأليف في علوم كثيرة تخص علمي النفس والاجتماع والتنمية البشرية ، والتغير الاجتماعي والسكان وألف ونشر العديد من المقالات (1000 +) والكتب باللغتين العربية والإنجليزية (أكثر من 330 كتابا) ، منها ست مجموعات قصصية وست كتب للأطفال ، وأربع دواوين شعرية باللغتين أيضا. وعدد من كتب التراث في الشعر والأدب والأخلاق الإسلامية والتربية والأديان . وهو الآن أستاذ متقاعد في جامعة ولاية ميشيغان. . وكان عضوا سابقا في جمعية العلماء المسلمين في أمريكا . وجمعية علماء الاجتماع الأمريكية - ميشيغان، وهو مؤسس الموسوعة العربية الأمريكية في الولايات المتحدة ضمن مشروع إحياء التراث العربي في بلاد المهجرز كما تم ترشيحه مؤخرا ليكون عضو مجلس التحرير لمجلة الدراسات الإنسانية العالمية. وقد قبل أن يتسلم رئاسة تحريرها اعتبارا من نهاية يونيو 2014 His email: askdryahya@yahoo.com Thank you!
This entry was posted in Arab Affairs, Arab American Encyclopedia, Arab Manifesto, Decision Making, Global Affairs, Hasan Yahya حسن يحيى, Ibn Khaldun ابن خلدون،, Islam & Muslim Affairs, Middle East Politics, Project Management., psychology, Sociology, Zionism, حضارة عرب،. Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s