Two Minutes with Dr. Yahya: Gubran Khalil Gubran: The Arab Lebanese Philosopher
دقيقتان مع الدكتور يحيى : جبران خليل جبران فيلسوف عربي من لبنان
Philosophy of Arab Manifesto
ضمن مشروع النهضة العربية
د. حسن يحيى : أستاذ سابق لعلم الاحتماع المقارن
Dr. Hasan Yahya: Former professor of Comparative sociology
Great people never die! Even though, men’s feet may be planted in their homeland, but their eyes should rove the Universe, Gubran Khalil Gubran was one who depicts this saying.
For Gibran, the immigrant from Lebanon, still alive. The words written next to his grave read: “…. I am alive like you, and I am standing beside you. Close your eyes and look around, you will see me in front of you “.
Gubran Khalil Gubran, جبران خليل جبران , was born, January 6, 1883 and died, April 10, 1931), a Lebanese American artist, poet, and writer. Born in the town of Bsharri in modern-day Lebanon As a young man he emigrated with his family to the United States where he studied art and began his literary career. He is chiefly known in the English speaking world for his 1923 book The Prophet, an early example of inspirational fiction including a series of philosophical essays written in poetic English prose. The book sold well despite a cool critical reception, and became extremely popular in the 1960s counterculture. Gibran is the third best-selling poet of all time, behind Shakespeare and Lao-Tzu.
According to Hanna Fakhouri, in History of Arab Literature Khalil Gubran was an existentialist, “the god of himself”. He was agnostic, and rejected all religions. Socially he was against the institution of marriage. He was neither builder, nor destroyer. He saw various superstitous negative habits followed blindly in society, He also, rejected the status quo of wealthy people. Because they have the power to sway the truth and exploiting the poor.
Gubran was according to Maron Abboud, a materialist, loved and enjoyed life, and this domain covers almost all his writings. He wasinterested in flesh and bones rather than spirituality, even though he wrote the Prophet, the most spiritual book. This materialism stood in opposition to powerful people, and social heretics.
As an artist, he was not following logical system of science, his imagination was broad enough to cover his feelings and emotions. In most of his writings, colorful pictures of imagination made readers with weak hearts enjoy these writings.
Gibran was born in the town of Bsharri (in modern day northern Lebanon) to the daughter of a Maronite priest. His mother Kamila was thirty when he was born; his father Khalil was her third husband. As a result of his family’s poverty, Gibran received no formal schooling during his youth. However, priests visited him regularly and taught him about the Bible, as well as the Arabic and Syriac languages. Gibran’s father initially worked in an apothecary but, with gambling debts he was unable to pay, he went to work for a local Ottoman-appointed administrator.
Around 1891, extensive complaints by angry subjects led to the administrator being removed and his staff being investigated. Gibran’s father was imprisoned for alleged embezzlement, and his family’s property was confiscated by the authorities. With no home, Kamila Gibran decided to follow her brother to the United States. Although Gibran’s father was released in 1894, Kamila remained resolved and left for New York on June 25, 1895, taking Khalil, his younger sisters Mariana and Sultana, and his elder half-brother Peter(/Bhutros/Butrus).
As an artist, Gibran held his first art exhibition of his drawings in 1904 in Boston, at Day’s studio. During this exhibition, Gibran met Mary Elizabeth Haskell, a respected headmistress ten years his senior. The two formed an important friendship that lasted the rest of Gibran’s life. Though publicly discreet, their correspondence reveals an exalted intimacy. Haskell influenced not only Gibran’s personal life, but also his career. In 1908, Gibran went to study art with Auguste Rodin in Paris for two years. While there he met his art study partner and lifelong friend Youssef Howayek. He later studied art in Boston.
Polically, Gibran called for the adoption of Arabic as a national language of Syria-and the application of Arabic at all school levels. When Gibran met `Abdu’l-Bahá in 1911–12, who traveled to the United States partly to promote peace, Gibran admired the teachings on peace but argued that “young nations like his own” be freed from Ottoman control. Gibran also wrote the famous “Pity The Nation” poem during these years which was posthumously published in The Garden of the Prophet.
When the Ottomans were finally driven out of Syria during World War I, Gibran’s exhilaration was manifested in a sketch called “Free Syria” which appeared on the front page of al-Sa’ih’s special “victory” edition. Moreover, in a draft of a play, still kept among his papers, Gibran expressed great hope for national independence and progress. This play, according to Khalil Hawi, “defines Gibran’s belief in Syrian nationalism with great clarity, distinguishing it from both Lebanese and Arab nationalism, and showing us that nationalism lived in his mind, even at this late stage, side by side with internationalism.”
Gibran died in New York City on April 10, 1931. Before his death, Gibran expressed the wish that he be buried in Lebanon. This wish was fulfilled in 1932, when Mary Haskell and his sister Mariana purchased the Mar Sarkis Monastery in Lebanon, which has since become the Gibran Museum.
Gibran willed the contents of his studio to Mary Haskell. There she discovered her letters to him spanning twenty-three years. She initially agreed to burn them because of their intimacy, but recognizing their historical value she saved them. She gave them, along with his letters to her which she had also saved, to the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Library before she died in 1964. Excerpts of the over six hundred letters were published in “Beloved Prophet” in 1972.
Mary Haskell Minis (she wed Jacob Florance Minis in 1923) donated her personal collection of nearly one hundred original works of art by Gibran to the Telfair Museum of Art in Savannah, Georgia in 1950. Haskell had been thinking of placing her collection at the Telfair as early as 1914. In a letter to Gibran, she wrote “I am thinking of other museums … the unique little Telfair Gallery in Savannah, Ga., that Gari Melchers chooses pictures for. There when I was a visiting child, form burst upon my astonished little soul.” Haskell’s gift to the Telfair is the largest public collection of Gibran’s visual art in the country, consisting of five oils and numerous works on paper rendered in the artist’s lyrical style, which reflects the influence of symbolism. The future American royalties to his books were willed to his hometown of Bsharri, to be “used for good causes”; but this led to years of controversy and violence over the distribution of the money, and eventually the Lebanese government became the overseer.
Gubran was recognized nationally and internationally as a brilliant Arab Lebanese philosopher, writer, poet and artist. He was honored by several agencies and organizations in Lebanon, Europe, Canada and the United States of America. For example, Lebanese Ministry of Post and Telecommunications published a stamp in his honor in 1971. His Museum commemorate his writings in Bsharri, Lebanon. Lebano has built Gibran Khalil Gibran Garden, Beirut, Lebanon. Internationally, Kahlil Gibran name was given to a Street, Ville Saint-Laurent, in Quebec, Canada. on 27 Sept. 2008 on occasion of the 125th anniversary of his birth. In Washington, D.C Kahlil Gibran Memorial Garden was dedicated to his name in 1990. In Boston, Massachusetts, Gibran Memorial Plaque in Copley Square was built in his memory. a public high school in Brooklyn, NY, was named Khalil Gibran International Academy, opened in September 2007. A park in Bucharest, Romania was also granted for Khalil Gibran under the name: Parcul Khalil Gibran. In South America, Arab Memorial building at Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil commemorated Gibran Kalil Gibran sculpture on a marble pedestal indoors.
His famous book, The Prophet, first published in 1923, remains near the top of the all-time best-seller lists in both the Arab world and the West, apparently still providing the intended inspiration: “The whole Prophet is saying one thing,” he summarized,”‘you are far greater than you know — and all is well.'” www.dryahyatv.com
هدية مجانية للقراء والباحثين الكرام من المؤلف
FREE GIFT for Readers
From the author
كتاب مقاييس الدكتور يحيى للبحوث النفسية والاجتماعية
أو انقل الرابط التالي والصقه وتمتع بقراءة الكتاب