The Arab Manifesto-ضمن مقالات مشروع النهضة العربي
دقيقتان مع الدكتور يحيى : وثيقة الأستقلال الأمريكي مثال للعرب
The Declaration of Independence, An Example for the Arabs .
Hasan A. Yahya, professor of sociology
Before concluding some lessons from the declaration of Independence of the United States and its principles, we bring the Declaration for reminding Arab leaders that basic life needs for the people should be protected and respected. While the declaration did not mention justice, but the start about (hu)men are equal may cover that concept of justice under the law. After reading the Declaration, we will conclude by summary of principles, even though it is similar to Islamic laws and norms, to learn from. This is a call for Arab leaders to revise their position and not act as ostriches when the people thunders begin to initiate the storm for change. A good lesson to learn beside Islamic principles. The Declaration reads:
“WE hold these Truths to be self-evident, that all Men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness. That to secure these Rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just Powers from the Consent of the Governed, that whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these Ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its Foundation on such Principles, and organizing its Powers in such Form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient Causes; and accordingly all Experience hath shown, that Mankind are more disposed to suffer, while Evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the Forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long Train of Abuses and Usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object, evinces a Design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their Right, it is their Duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future Security. Such has been the patient Sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the Necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government. The History of the present King of Great-Britain is a History of repeated Injuries and Usurpations, all having in direct Object the Establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid World.
WE, therefore, the Representatives of the UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, in GENERAL CONGRESS, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the World for the Rectitude of our Intentions, do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly Publish and Declare, That these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be, FREE AND INDEPENDENT STATES; that they are absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political Connection between them and the State of Great-Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as FREE AND INDEPENDENT STATES, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which INDEPENDENT STATES may of right do. And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm Reliance on the Protection of divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes, and our sacred Honor.”(The End of the Declaration) wwwhasanyahya.com
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What Do Arab Regimes should learn from this?
First: There is a difference between the written constitution in most Arab countries and the actual respect or application of the constitutions’ articles, for example, traditional-authoritarian system applications are in practice, as favoritism, nepotism, and tribalism culture is the rule, not the constitution. Especially when it comes to equality of women to men, or first degree (nationals) and third degree citizens (naturalization or refugees, or in favor of wealthy persons).
Second: There are differences between the Arab States and the USA, in terms of literacy, economic resources and wealth or law and judicial system.
Third: According to world political types, almost All Arab governments (States), have more or less Traditional-Authoritarian-or Dictatorial. Even the representatives of the people. In the United States, however, government is rational Democratic system, under the state of LAW.
More specific notes:
- The facts of human rights in life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness are ignored in most Arab countries. These right are lost by practicing despotism, favoritism, and some classes or tribal –familial interests.
- Political power comes from the Consent of the people. Most Arab regimes are not chosen by the people.
- The people have the right to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its Foundation on such Principles. Some Arab countries still have no constitution, and controlled by the military and intelligence agencies.
- The goal of any government is its people’s safety and happiness. People are not safe in most Arab countries, where the poor gets poorer, and the rich get richer, with the government support. Safety and happiness in most Arab countries are only for the elites, and wealthy people.
- Fighting despotism is the people’s right and duty to throw off governments, for better political future. This right already practiced in many countries allover the world and recently in Tunisia and Egypt, These example should act as a warning for Arab regimes to revise their policies and government establishments.
- Those who are in authority, which is government positions, have to be good people, not to be selfish leaders to promote their own interests. Well, election and voting according to the law and constitution are corrupt, where the 99% is becoming general for governments and people representatives, with no legal validity or trust.
- A free and independent state means the government should not be connected with outside domination. Most Arab regimes are strongly connected to outside authorities dominate their political decisions. Such interference does not mean free and independent government in most Arab countries.
- The Declaration ends with this divine tone“ for the support of this Declaration, with a firm Reliance on the Protection of divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes, and our sacred Honor. The divine Providence is forgotten between theory and practice in most Arab regimes.
Finally, morality has principles of humanity and mankind, all resources should be equally distributed and used for the common interest of the governed. These morality principles are ignored for the purpose of few families, tribal parties, and rotten apples in the basket of democracy. (958 words) www.albahaspace.com
Hasan Yahya is a Palestinian Sociologist and Historian, former professor of Comparative Sociology and Educational Administration at Michigan State University and Jackson Community College. He is the Board Editing member at International Humanities Studies (IHS) Journal. Dr. Yahya is the originator of Arab American Encyclopedia and Ihyaa al Turath al Arabi fil Mahjar-USA. His publication may be observed on Amazon and Kindle. To reach the writer: Email: email@example.com
Dr. Yahya Credentials: Ph.D in Comparative Socioloy 1991, Michigan State University. Ph.D in Educational Administration, Michigan State Univ. M.A Psychology of Sch0ols Conflict Management, Michigan State Univ. Diploma M.A, Oriental Studies, St. Joseph Univ. Beirut, Lebanon B.A Modern and Classical Arab Literature. Life Achievements: Publishing 250 plus Books and 1000 plus articles
@Hasan Yahya, Michigan, June 2012
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Hasan Yahya is an Arab-Palestinian-American theorist, sociologist, philosopher, writer and historian. He’s a former professor of Comparative Sociology and Educational Administration at Michigan State University, Lansing Community and Jackson Community Colleges. He is the Board Editing member at International Humanities Studies (IHS) Journal (Jerusalem-Spain) and several other USA, journals. Dr. Yahya is the originator of Arab American Encyclopedia and Ihyaa al Turath al Arabi fil Mahjar-USA. His (260 plus) publication may be observed on Amazon and Kindle. To reach the writer: Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Dr. Yahya Credentials: Ph.D in Comparative Socioloy 1991, Michigan State University. Ph.D in Educational Administration, Michigan State Univ.(1988). M.A Psychology of Schools Conflict Management, Michigan State Univ. 1983. Diploma M.A, Oriental Studies, St. Joseph Univ. Beirut, Lebanon. (1982) B.A Modern and Classical Arab Literature, (1976). Life Achievements: Publishing 260 plus Books and 1000 plus articles.
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