Two Minutes with Dr. Yahya: Ibn Khaldun’s Work Title Definition-دقيقتان مع الدكتور يحيى : تعريف عنوان أعمال ابن خلدون


Two Minutes with Dr. Yahya: Ibn Khaldun’s Work Title Definition

دقيقتان مع الدكتور يحيى : تعريف عنوان أعمال ابن خلدون

This is a part of transcript from the author’s book: Ibn Khaldun in Modern Times, (2012). (1). I read a reader’s comment about Ibn Khaldun. It says:

“It is interesting to note that Ibn Khaldun’s ideas are very relevant today as they used to be during his time. I was attending briefing by the two Japanese corporate leaders-CEO of Toshiba and Sony in Tokyo during my visit to Japan early week of March, 2011 and surprised to note that one them said that I am used to send my staff for leadership training based on the principle of Ibn Khaldun. Unfortunately none of the 57 Muslim countries has that training Institute- it is based in Colorado-Inpens., USA.”

The reader note continues: “The best economic growth USA ever witnessed in last few decades was during the USA President Reagan’s era. It came to my knowledge that he used to carry Muqaddimah in his bag as pocket dictionary to refer to as policy guidelines for the USA economy.” (2)

In my opinion, it is safe to say: “Without Arabs and Muslims as translators and transmitters of Greek Philosophy, Europe would still swimming in Ignorance. This statement is not exaggeration or an advertisement for the Arabs and Muslims, but rather a historical fact, cannot be denied in World history.  In other words, Arabs and Muslims according to many scientists and researchers were the transmitters of great thoughts in Medicine, philosophy, and mathematical sciences (Algebra, geometry, and calculus) physics (astronomy and astrology) and Chemistry.” (3)

من الأدب النسائي بنات حارتنا : رواية لملاحة الخانيwww.hasanyahya.com

من الأدب النسائي
بنات حارتنا : رواية لملاحة الخانيwww.hasanyahya.com

Before we begin describing those historians and theorist known before, and after Ibn Khaldun to proof his originality of the new science of Sociology. I find it very serious and important to analyze and define   the title of his work, which I believe was missed in the large number of previous writings on Ibn Khaldun’s works. As a comparative sociologist and long experience in doing research, (4) I find myself obliged to fill the vacuum of explaining  the title and defining the terms comprising it.

The first step of doing research in modern times, the title and definition of the concepts construct of that title. No research done adequately without this step. None of previous writers on Ibn Khaldun’s work or life have explained the meaning of the title words as Ibn Khaldun put it in Arabic . I believe, the meaning of words linguistically and historically are important. In modern age, however, in research we call them:  conceptual and operational definition of concepts. The title is the frame of reference, I guess to any research.

The two books of Kitab al Ibar and Ta’rif represent Ibn Khaldun’s work. The first Titled: Kitab al Ibar, wa Diwan al Mubtada’ wal Khabar, fi Ayyam al Arab wal Ajam wal Barbar, wa man Aasarahum min Thawee al Sultan al Akbar, ( The book of life experiences and the book of starts and Ends in the days of Arab, and Ajam, and Barbar, and those similar to them, who were contemporary of great power)

Jubran Khalil Gubran www.hasanyahya.com

Jubran Khalil Gubran
http://www.hasanyahya.com

In Arabic however, we have to explain what the title means be cause the long type title description is very precise. The concepts mentioned in the title and needs interpretation first for their significance in studying Ibn Khaldun, and second for more understanding, in my opinion  to modern students of social sciences in general and sociology in particular, are:Ibar, Diwan, Mubtata’, Khabar, Days of Arabs, Ajam, Barbar, and Sultan al Akbar.

 Ibar:   the word Ibar  may mean wisdom, practices, experiences, or learning.

Diwan, means position, office  or in modern times ministry or status or rank in governmental agency.  Include both the structure and function of that Diwan.  In modern times we have similar to old diwans in the time of Ibn Khaldun like the State Departments, Secretary of the United States, or Ministry of Finance or Commerce, or Internal Revenue Service IRS (US government),  Federal Reserve Bank, Prime Minister, Judicial Branch, Executive branch, (Ministers) Legislative Branch (Qadis) Interior Minister, the Defense Minister, etc., The term also covers simple and complex organizations of official or public according to certain rules and regulations.

مناهج البحث العلمي

مناهج البحث العلمي

Mubtata’ and Khabar, in Arabic language like Predict and subject in English language, in Arabic the sentence begins with “Mubtada’: first, or start, and ends with Khabar, as telling about the the Mubtada’. So when we say, Said is tall man,  the existence of Sai’d should be existed to be described as tall person, fat, or clever, or stupid. In other words, something have to be first existed and then described, it is similat to cause-effect analogy. Understanding the selection of these terms is significantly important to understand the content of Ibn Khaldun’s complete work (al Muqaddima and the other six book.

Days of Arabs, Ajam, Barbar, and Sultan al Akbar. The “Days” in Arab history are not typically means the duration of one or two days, but means, the events of certain period in history, such as Yawm Thee Qar is one of Ayyam  Arab, when Pre Islam Arab defeated Persians in the battle named by Thee-Qar. Which creates   a form of ornate prose writing, or tales about the adventures and battle days of the various tribes (ayyām al-ʿArab, or “The Days of the Arabs”), were told and handed down from generation to generation, usually interspersed with pieces of poetry. Proverbs and proverbial, which reflects cultural activities of daily life in certain place or age. Therefore, Ayyam used by Ibn Khaldun is not mere days as understood linguistically today, but means great events which inspire solidarity “Assabiyyah” which makes nations or dynasties rise and survive.

Arabs: are those were originally Arabs and those who became Arabs by affiliation. It includes

 

كتاب العبرات للمنفلوطي  www.hasanyahya.com

كتاب العبرات للمنفلوطي
http://www.hasanyahya.com

Ajam : societies of non Arab as sovereign authorities,  earning their livelihood, trades, sciences, and causes and effects appertaining to them.  The term used to mean non Arabs, of not having Arab ancestry like Persians, old Syrians, Turks, Romans, Greeks, Franks and other races, including non-Muslim people or tribes.

Barbar: used to mean  of Amazigian-barbar race includes tribes of  Zanata, their origin and generations, and their kingdoms and dynasties in North Africa.

Wam ‘Asarhum:  an tose who are contemprary to Arab, Ajam and Barbar.

Thawee al Sultan al Akbar: Who have dynasty great power

The title is concise and comprehensive in describing the content of al Muqaddimah which describe the historical events and answer the question: Why? in each event.

Brief Account of Ibn Khaldun’s Works

  الكاتب الأديب العربي الفلسطيني www.hasanyahya.comالدكتور حسن يحيى

الكاتب الأديب العربي الفلسطيني
http://www.hasanyahya.comالدكتور حسن يحيى

Ibn Khaldun was born on May 27, 1332, in Tunis in North Africa, his reputation came from revolutionization of  the study of history by analyzing events from the perspective of economic, sociological, and cultural factors. He is considered to be the first historian to promote a scientific approach to historiography (the theory of historical writing). (1) Ibn Khaldun’s legacy springs from the use of cultural and sociological evidence to construct a scientific historiography, which  marks him as one of the most important and original historians of all time. As historian Yves Lacoste wrote, “If Thucydides is the inventor of history, Ibn Khaldun introduces history as a science.” (5)

Ibn Khaldun’s major works, An Introduction to History and Kitabal-‘ibar, have proved to be important both for the writing of history and for the history of Muslims in North Africa. In An Introduction to History, Ibn Khaldun was the first to promote a scientific methodology for analyzing historical events by investigating the complex social and economic factors that make up a society. From these factors he hoped to provide a rationale for historical change. Noted twentieth-century historian Arnold Toynbee acclaimed Ibn Khaldun’s philosophy of history as “the greatest work of its kind.” (6)

The seven large volumes of Ibn Khaldun’s work  covers all those who were mentioned in the title. For example,  al Muqaddimah, (Prolegomena)  deals with the new science, al Umran, or sociology. The next four volumes (Book two) deal with the history of Arabs and their generations, and histories of ancient nations, the Turks, and the Franks, up to the eightth century A. H. (14th A. D) . The third book consists the history of Barbars up to the days of Ibn Khaldun, it covers volume six and seven. However, he closes his work by describing himself in his own words. (Ta’rif) or what can be described in modern times as life story or biography. (7)

Formulating social laws as the business of understanding social reality was pioneered by Ibn Khaldun. Baali and Wardi (8) consider al Muqaddimah as one of the six important monographs in general sociology. (9)(10)

** From: Ibn Khaldun in Modern Times, Hasan Yahya, Arab American Encyclopedia Press. 2012.

Notes:

  1. (Upcoming) Ibn Khaldun in Modern Times, Hasan Yahya, Arab American Encyclopedia Press. 2012.
  2. Ibid, Preface.
  3. Internet site, Comments on Ibn Khaldun.
  4. Baa’li and Wardi : “Ibn Khaldun and Islamic Thought: A Sociological Perspective” (1981)
  5. Yves Lacosta, Ibn Khaldun: The Birth of History and the Past of the Third World, Verso (1984)
  6. A. Toynbee, A Study of History, Oxford 1934, vol. 3, p. 322
  7. Aziz Al Azmeh, An Essay in Reintpretation, (Frank Cass, London 1982)
  8. F. Baali and A. Wardi, Ibn Khaldun and Islamic Thought-Styles: A Social Perspective, (G. K. Hall and Co. Boston, Massachusetts, 1981), p. ix.
  9. According to Sookin’s Society, Culture, and Personality (New York: Harpr, 1947), p. 31. The other five are: Comte’s Philosophy and System Postive Polity; Hegel’s Philosophy of History; Spencer’s Principles of Sociology; and Voco’s Principles of New Science.
  10. See, Muqaddimat Ibn Khaldun (2001) : Ahmad al Zu’bi, Dar al Arqam, Beirut, Lebanon.  Muqaddimat Ibn Khaldun, (1978), Dar al Qalam, Beirut, Lebanon. (1st ed); Muqaddimat Ibn Khaldun: (ed) Hasan Yahya, Arab American Encyclopedia Press, 2012
Research Practice: Steps of Doing Research www.hasanyahya.com

Research Practice: Steps of Doing Research
http://www.hasanyahya.com

About Arab American Encyclopedia-USA - Hasan Yahya

HASAN YAHYA was born at a small village called Majdal-YaFa (Majdal Sadiq) in Mandate Palestine (1944). He migrated as a refugee to Mes-ha, a village east of Kufr Qasim, west of Nablus (in the West Bank), then moved with his family to Zarka, 25 km north of Amman – Jordan. He finished the high school at Zarka Secondary School, 1963. He was appointed as a teacher in the same year. Studied Law first at Damascus University, then B.A from Lebanon University in Arabic literature and Eastern Cultures (1975). He moved to Kuwait. Where he got married in 1967. He was working at Kuwait Television, taught at bilingual School, and Kuwait University. In 1982, Hasan left to the United States to continue his education at Michigan State University. He got the Master Degree in 1983, the Ph.D degree in 1988 in Education (Psychology of Administration ). In 1991, He obtained his post degree in Social research, the result was a second Ph.D degree in Comparative sociology-Social Psychology. He was the only Arab student who enrolled ever to pursue two simultaneous Ph.D programs from Michigan State University and fulfill their requirements perfectly. Professor Yahya employment history began as a supervisor of a joint project to rehabilitate Youth (inmates out of prison) by Michigan State University and Intermediate School Districts. Worked also as a Teacher Assistant and lecturer in the same university. He was offered a position at Lansing Community College as well as Jackson Community College where he was assistant professor, then associate professor, then full professor (1991-2006). He taught Sociology, psychology, education, criminology and research methods. He supervised 19 Master and Ph.D candidates on various personal, economic psychological and social development topics. Professor Yahya published Hundreds (1000 Plus on this site) of articles and research reports in local, regional, and international journals. His interest covers local, regional and global conflicts. He also authored, translated, edited and published over 280 plus books in several languages, in almost all fields especial education, sociology and psychology. These books can be found on Amazon and Kindle. He also, was a visiting professor at Eastern Michigan University to give Research Methods and Conflict Management courses. Prof. Yahya accepted an offer to join Zayed University Faculty Team in 1998, then he served as the Head of Education and Psychology Department at Ajman University of Science and Technology 2001-04. Dr. Yahya established several institutes in Diaspora, the Arab American Encyclopedia, Ihyaa al Turath al Arabi Project, (Revival of Arab Heritage in Diaspora.Recently he was nominated for honorary committee member for the Union of Arab and Muslim Writers in America. He was affiliated with sociological associations and was a member of the Association of Muslim Social Scientists (AMSS) at USA. Social Activities and Community Participation: Dr. Yahya was a national figure on Diversity and Islamic Issues in the United States, with special attention to Race Relations and Psychology of Assimilation (generations 1,2 &3). He was invited as a public speaker to many TV shows and interviews in many countries. His philosophy includes enhancing knowledge to appreciate the others, and to compromise with others in order to live peacefully with others. This philosophy was the backgrounds of his theory, called “ Theory C. of Conflict Management”. And developed later to a Science of Cultural Normalization under the title: “Crescentology. The results of such theory will lead to world peace depends on a global Knowledge, Understanding, appreciation, and Compromising (KUAC)” Recently Prof. Yahya started "Publish your book FREE Project", to serve young Arab Writers. Dr. Yahya accepted the offer to be the chief editor of the International Humanities Studies Journal -I-H-S-Jerusalem, since July 2014. (Revised Sept. 2014) ولد الدكتور حسن عبدالقادر يحيى في مجدل يابا من أعمال يافا – فلسطين عام 1944. تلقى علومه الابتدائية في مدرسة بديا الأميرية في الضفة الغربية أيام احتوائها ضمن المملكة الأدردنية الهاشمية وتخرج في جامعة بيروت حاملاً الإجازة في اللغة العربية وآدابها، ودبلوم التأهيل التربوي من كلية القديس يوسف بلبنان، ودبلوم الدراسات العليا (الماجستير) ودكتوراة في الإدارة التربوية من جامعة ولاية ميشيغان بالولايات المتحدة عام 1988، وشهادة الدكتوراه في علم الاجتماع المقارن من الجامعة نفسها عام 1991. عمل في التدريس والصحافة الأدبية. أديب وشاعر وقاص ، ,كما عمل في تلفزيون الكويت الرسمي كمعد ومنسق برامج ثم اتجه إلى الكتابة والتأليف في علوم كثيرة تخص علمي النفس والاجتماع والتنمية البشرية ، والتغير الاجتماعي والسكان وألف ونشر العديد من المقالات (1000 +) والكتب باللغتين العربية والإنجليزية (أكثر من 330 كتابا) ، منها ست مجموعات قصصية وست كتب للأطفال ، وأربع دواوين شعرية باللغتين أيضا. وعدد من كتب التراث في الشعر والأدب والأخلاق الإسلامية والتربية والأديان . وهو الآن أستاذ متقاعد في جامعة ولاية ميشيغان. . وكان عضوا سابقا في جمعية العلماء المسلمين في أمريكا . وجمعية علماء الاجتماع الأمريكية - ميشيغان، وهو مؤسس الموسوعة العربية الأمريكية في الولايات المتحدة ضمن مشروع إحياء التراث العربي في بلاد المهجرز كما تم ترشيحه مؤخرا ليكون عضو مجلس التحرير لمجلة الدراسات الإنسانية العالمية. وقد قبل أن يتسلم رئاسة تحريرها اعتبارا من نهاية يونيو 2014 His email: askdryahya@yahoo.com Thank you!
This entry was posted in Arab Affairs, Arab American Encyclopedia, Arab Literature, Arab Manifesto, Crescentology, Decision Making, Dryahyatv, Global Affairs, Hasan Yahya حسن يحيى, Ibn Khaldun ابن خلدون،, Islam & Muslim Affairs, Knowledge Base, socio-therapy, Sociology, تاريخ عربي, تراث عربي أدبي, حضارة عرب، and tagged , . Bookmark the permalink.

One Response to Two Minutes with Dr. Yahya: Ibn Khaldun’s Work Title Definition-دقيقتان مع الدكتور يحيى : تعريف عنوان أعمال ابن خلدون

  1. Pingback: Two Minutes with Dr. Yahya: من أرشيف الدكتور يحيى | www.arabamericanencyclopedia.com

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s