Personalities I Admire: Abu Hamid al Ghazali-علماء العرب المسلمين – أبو حامد الغزالي


Personalities I Admire: Abu Hamid al Ghazali

علماء العرب المسلمين – أبو حامد الغزالي

Two Minutes with Dr. Yahya

 Great Arab Personalities Series: Abu Hamid al Ghazali**

Dr. Hasan Yahya-USA www.hasanyahya.com

Dr. Hasan Yahya-USA
http://www.hasanyahya.com

**A part of “Ihy’a al Turath al Arabi Fil Mahjar” serie (number 73).  Sponsored and financed by Dr.Hasan Yahya, the former professor of Comparative sociology. Michigan State University graduate with two doctorate degrees, 1988, 1991. It will be included in the author’s book: Great Arab-Muslim Thinkers in History. (soon to be published, to be a handbook for young Arab and Muslim generation in Diaspora schools (في بلاد المهجر) .

Abu Hamid al Ghazali, an Arab Muslim philosopher, lived between ( 1058 and 1111 A.D. ) His full name is Abu Hamid Ibn Muhammad Ibn Muhammad al-Tusi al-Shafi’ . He was born in 1058 A.D. in Khorasan, Iran. His father died while he was still very young but he had the opportunity of getting education in the prevalent curriculum at Nishapur and Baghdad. Soon he acquired a high standard of scholarship in religion and philosophy and was honored by his appointment as a Professor at the Nizamiyah University of Baghdad, which was recognized as one of the most reputed institutions of learning in the golden era of Muslim history.

After a few years, however, he gave up his academic pursuits and worldly interests and became a wandering ascetic. This. was a process (period) of mystical transformation. Later, he resumed his teaching duties, but again left these. An era of solitary life, devoted to contemplation and writing then ensued, which led to the author- ship of a number of everlasting hooks. He died in 1111 A.D. at Baghdad.

image007Ghazali’s major contribution lies in religion, philosophy and sufism. A number of Muslim philosophers had been following and developing several viewpoints of Greek philosophy, including the Neoplatonic philosophy, and this was leading to conflict with several Islamic teachings. On the other hand, the movement of sufism was assuming such excessive proportions as to avoid observance of obligatory prayers and duties of Islam. Based on his unquestionable scholarship and personal mystical experience, Ghazali sought to rectify these trends, both in philosophy and sufism.

كتاب يصلح للمدارس الابتدائية  www.hasanyahya.com

كتاب يصلح للمدارس الابتدائية
http://www.hasanyahya.com

In philosophy, Ghazali upheld the approach of mathematics and exact sciences as essentially correct. However, he adopted the techniques of Aristotelian logic and the Neoplatonic procedures and employed these very tools to lay bare the flaws and lacunas of the then prevalent Neoplatonic philosophy arid to diminish the negative influences of Aristotelianism and excessive rationalism. In contrast to some of the Muslim philosophers, e.g., Farabi, he portrayed the inability of reason to comprehend the absolute and the infinite. Reason could not transcend the finite and was limited to the observation of the relative. Also, several Muslim philosophers had held that the universe was finite in space but infinite in time. Ghazali argued that an infinite time was related to an infinite space. With his clarity of thought and force of argument, he was able to create a balance between religion and reason, and identified their respective spheres as being the infinite and the finite, respectively.

In religion, particularly mysticism, he cleansed the approach of sufism of its excesses and reestablished the authority of the orthodox religion. Yet, he stressed the importance of genuine sufism, which he maintained was the path to attain the absolute truth.

كتاب معروف الإسكافي من ألف ليلة وليلة  www.hasanyahya.com

كتاب معروف الإسكافي من ألف ليلة وليلة
http://www.hasanyahya.com

He was a prolific writer. His immortal books include Tuhafut al-Falasifa (The Incoherence of the Philosophers), Ihya al-‘Ulum al-Islamia (The Rivival of the Religious Sciences), “The Beginning of Guidance and his Autobiography”, “Deliverance from Error”. Some of his works were translated into European languages in the Middle Ages. He also wrote a summary of astronomy.

Ghazali’s influence was deep and everlasting. He is one of the greatest theologians of Islam. His theological doctrines penetrated Europe, influenced Jewish and Christian Scholasticism and several of his arguments seem to have been adopted by St. Thomas Aquinas in order to similarly reestablish the authority of orthodox Christian religion in the West. So forceful was his argument in the favor of religion that he was accused of damaging the cause of philosophy and, in the Muslim Spain, Ibn Rushd (Averros) wrote a rejoinder to his Tuhafut.  AAE

يرجى التكرم بعد قراءة هذه المقالة إذا وافقت هوى في نفوسكم أن تخبروا أصدقاءكم لتعم الفائدة من المعلومات فيها، وشكرا لكم.

 Note for readers: If you like this, please MOBILE  it ,  or IPhone it  to friends and love ones, THANK U.

Read the writer’s 250 books HERE or Here

أقرأوا للكاتب بعضا من 250 كتابا هنا أو هنا وشكرا .والله يرعاكم .

Special Thanks to Female and male Principles and teachers in USA, Great Britain,and EU for selecting some of the author’s bublications bringing up our children in Diaspora. I appreciate. Thank you!

رواية قنديل أم هاشم  للأديب العربي يحيى حقي  www.hasanyahya.com

رواية قنديل أم هاشم
للأديب العربي يحيى حقي
http://www.hasanyahya.com

Hasan Yahya is a Palestinian Sociologist and Historian, former professor of Comparative Sociology and Educational Administration at Michigan State University and Jackson Community College. He is the Board Editing member at International Humanities Studies (IHS) Journal.  Dr. Yahya is the originator of Arab American Encyclopedia and Ihyaa al Turath al Arabi fil Mahjar-USA. His (250 plus) publication may be observed on Amazon and Kindle. To reach the writer: Email: askdryahya@yahoo.com

Dr. Yahya Credentials:

Ph.D in Comparative Socioloy 1991, Michigan State University.

Ph.D in Educational Administration, Michigan State Univ.

M.A Psychology of Schhols Conflict Management, Michigan State Univ.

Diploma M.A, Oriental Studies, St. Joseph Univ. Beirut, Lebanon

B.A Modern and Classical Arab Literature

Life Achievements: Publishing 250 plus Books and 1000 plus articles

  الكاتب الأديب العربي الفلسطيني www.hasanyahya.comالدكتور حسن يحيى

الكاتب الأديب العربي الفلسطيني حسن يحيى

www.hasanyahya.com  الكاتب المعجزة

http://www.hasanyahya.com
الكاتب المعجزة

مقدمة ابن خلدون  تقديم الدكتور حسن يحيd www.hasanyahya.com

مقدمة ابن خلدون
تقديم الدكتور حسن يحيd
http://www.hasanyahya.com

تفسير سورة يس باللغتين  للدكتور حسن يحيى  www.hasanyahya.com

تفسير سورة يس باللغتين
للدكتور حسن يحيى
http://www.hasanyahya.com

About Arab American Encyclopedia-USA - Hasan Yahya

HASAN YAHYA was born at a small village called Majdal-YaFa (Majdal Sadiq) in Mandate Palestine (1944). He migrated as a refugee to Mes-ha, a village east of Kufr Qasim, west of Nablus (in the West Bank), then moved with his family to Zarka, 25 km north of Amman – Jordan. He finished the high school at Zarka Secondary School, 1963. He was appointed as a teacher in the same year. Studied Law first at Damascus University, then B.A from Lebanon University in Arabic literature and Eastern Cultures (1975). He moved to Kuwait. Where he got married in 1967. He was working at Kuwait Television, taught at bilingual School, and Kuwait University. In 1982, Hasan left to the United States to continue his education at Michigan State University. He got the Master Degree in 1983, the Ph.D degree in 1988 in Education (Psychology of Administration ). In 1991, He obtained his post degree in Social research, the result was a second Ph.D degree in Comparative sociology-Social Psychology. He was the only Arab student who enrolled ever to pursue two simultaneous Ph.D programs from Michigan State University and fulfill their requirements perfectly. Professor Yahya employment history began as a supervisor of a joint project to rehabilitate Youth (inmates out of prison) by Michigan State University and Intermediate School Districts. Worked also as a Teacher Assistant and lecturer in the same university. He was offered a position at Lansing Community College as well as Jackson Community College where he was assistant professor, then associate professor, then full professor (1991-2006). He taught Sociology, psychology, education, criminology and research methods. He supervised 19 Master and Ph.D candidates on various personal, economic psychological and social development topics. Professor Yahya published Hundreds (1000 Plus on this site) of articles and research reports in local, regional, and international journals. His interest covers local, regional and global conflicts. He also authored, translated, edited and published over 280 plus books in several languages, in almost all fields especial education, sociology and psychology. These books can be found on Amazon and Kindle. He also, was a visiting professor at Eastern Michigan University to give Research Methods and Conflict Management courses. Prof. Yahya accepted an offer to join Zayed University Faculty Team in 1998, then he served as the Head of Education and Psychology Department at Ajman University of Science and Technology 2001-04. Dr. Yahya established several institutes in Diaspora, the Arab American Encyclopedia, Ihyaa al Turath al Arabi Project, (Revival of Arab Heritage in Diaspora.Recently he was nominated for honorary committee member for the Union of Arab and Muslim Writers in America. He was affiliated with sociological associations and was a member of the Association of Muslim Social Scientists (AMSS) at USA. Social Activities and Community Participation: Dr. Yahya was a national figure on Diversity and Islamic Issues in the United States, with special attention to Race Relations and Psychology of Assimilation (generations 1,2 &3). He was invited as a public speaker to many TV shows and interviews in many countries. His philosophy includes enhancing knowledge to appreciate the others, and to compromise with others in order to live peacefully with others. This philosophy was the backgrounds of his theory, called “ Theory C. of Conflict Management”. And developed later to a Science of Cultural Normalization under the title: “Crescentology. The results of such theory will lead to world peace depends on a global Knowledge, Understanding, appreciation, and Compromising (KUAC)” Recently Prof. Yahya started "Publish your book FREE Project", to serve young Arab Writers. Dr. Yahya accepted the offer to be the chief editor of the International Humanities Studies Journal -I-H-S-Jerusalem, since July 2014. (Revised Sept. 2014) ولد الدكتور حسن عبدالقادر يحيى في مجدل يابا من أعمال يافا – فلسطين عام 1944. تلقى علومه الابتدائية في مدرسة بديا الأميرية في الضفة الغربية أيام احتوائها ضمن المملكة الأدردنية الهاشمية وتخرج في جامعة بيروت حاملاً الإجازة في اللغة العربية وآدابها، ودبلوم التأهيل التربوي من كلية القديس يوسف بلبنان، ودبلوم الدراسات العليا (الماجستير) ودكتوراة في الإدارة التربوية من جامعة ولاية ميشيغان بالولايات المتحدة عام 1988، وشهادة الدكتوراه في علم الاجتماع المقارن من الجامعة نفسها عام 1991. عمل في التدريس والصحافة الأدبية. أديب وشاعر وقاص ، ,كما عمل في تلفزيون الكويت الرسمي كمعد ومنسق برامج ثم اتجه إلى الكتابة والتأليف في علوم كثيرة تخص علمي النفس والاجتماع والتنمية البشرية ، والتغير الاجتماعي والسكان وألف ونشر العديد من المقالات (1000 +) والكتب باللغتين العربية والإنجليزية (أكثر من 330 كتابا) ، منها ست مجموعات قصصية وست كتب للأطفال ، وأربع دواوين شعرية باللغتين أيضا. وعدد من كتب التراث في الشعر والأدب والأخلاق الإسلامية والتربية والأديان . وهو الآن أستاذ متقاعد في جامعة ولاية ميشيغان. . وكان عضوا سابقا في جمعية العلماء المسلمين في أمريكا . وجمعية علماء الاجتماع الأمريكية - ميشيغان، وهو مؤسس الموسوعة العربية الأمريكية في الولايات المتحدة ضمن مشروع إحياء التراث العربي في بلاد المهجرز كما تم ترشيحه مؤخرا ليكون عضو مجلس التحرير لمجلة الدراسات الإنسانية العالمية. وقد قبل أن يتسلم رئاسة تحريرها اعتبارا من نهاية يونيو 2014 His email: askdryahya@yahoo.com Thank you!
This entry was posted in Arab American Encyclopedia, Arab Literature, Arab Manifesto, Astronomy, Crescentology, Dryahyatv, Hasan Yahya حسن يحيى, History, Ibn Khaldun ابن خلدون،, Knowledge Base, Philosophy & Logic, Religions and Spirts, تاريخ عربي, حضارة عرب، and tagged , , . Bookmark the permalink.

One Response to Personalities I Admire: Abu Hamid al Ghazali-علماء العرب المسلمين – أبو حامد الغزالي

  1. Pingback: Two Minutes with Dr. Yahya: من أرشيف الدكتور يحيى | www.arabamericanencyclopedia.com

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