IBN ARABI/1 :Glimpses of Ibn ‘Arabi : The Great Sufi in Islam-Bilingual


IBN ARABI/1 :Glimpses of Ibn ‘Arabi : The Great Sufi in Islam

Two Minutes with Dr. Yahya Series

In the process of ‘Ihya’ al Turath al Arabi fil Mahjar

باللغتين العربية والإنجليزية

Sponsored and supported by Arab American Encyclopedia-AAE

Who’s Ibn Arabi in Arab and world litearture?

من هو ابن عربي في التاريخ العربي والعالمي؟

محي الدين محمد بن علي بن محمد بن عربي الحاتمي الطائي الأندلسي ، أحد أشهر المتصوفين لقبه أتباعه وغيرهم من الصوفية “بالشيخ الأكبر” ولذا ينسب إليه الطريقة الأكبرية الصوفية. ولد في مرسية في الأندلس في شهر رمضان الكريم عام 558 هـ الموافق 1164م قبل عامين من وفاة الشيخ عبد القادر الجيلاني وتوفي في دمشق عام 638هـ الموافق 1240م. ودفن في سفح جبل قاسيون.

وقد وصفه آربيري قائلا:” أعظم عبقري في الصوفية عند العرب، وكان قد ترك بصمته على كل الآداب الصوفية عند من جاء بعده.”  وقال عنه وليام شيتيك: ” ربما ليس هناك أحد في العالم الإسلامي له الأثر الفعال  على مجتمعه لمدة 700 سنة تلت عصره.”

واسمه الكامل هو عبدالله محمد ابن علي بن محمد ابن عربي، وقد ولد في أسرة رفيعة في مرسية. وعاش بين 1165 و 1240 ميلادية ، ولد في شهر رمضان سنة 561 هجرية، وكان يلقب بالشيخ الأكبر في العصر الوسطي في أوروبا، . وكان تدريب ابن عربي الفكري والعقيدي قد بدأ في سيفيليا التي كانت مركز إشعاع الحضارة الإسلامية في شبه جزيرة أيبيريا (بلاد الأندلس)  وكان معظم مدرسيه من أساطين العلم في الأديان والقضاة في عهد الموحدين ، وتتلمذ على أبي بكر ابن خلف في دراسة علوم القرآن ، وعرف القراءات السبعة للقرآن الكريم حيث ألف كتاب الخفي ، وهو الكتاب الذي وصل إليه عن طريق مؤلف آخر هو عبدالرحمن بن غالب ابن الشراط ، وقد نبغ في هذه القراءات وهو في العاشرة من عمره، ثم أتقن علوم الحديث والفقه والسيرة النبوية  عن طريق تعلمه على يدي السهيلي الذي كان شهيرا في علومه العقيدية.  وحينما كان في السادسة عشرة من عمره، بدأ ياجه نحو الطريقة الصوفية في التفكير والممارسة ، وهناك قصة حول ابن عربي أنه حضر حفلة انتهت بتعاطي الخمور، فما أن أخذ كاس الخمر إلى شفتيه ، حتى سمع صوتا  يقول له: يا محمد ، ليس لهذا خلقت! فرمى الكأس واتجه إلى عالم روحي يبحث عن الحقيقة الإلهية ووجود الله . أما الرؤية الثانية فكانت أن ثلاثة من الأنبياء موسى وعيسى ومحمد قد ظهروا له . وقام من موطنه في الأندلس بزيارة كل سوريا وتركيا وفلسطين والديار المقدسة في مكة ،  ومن ألقابه بين أتباعه ومريديه من الصوفية: الشيخ الأكبر ورئيس المكاشفين والبحر الزاخر وبحر الحقائق وإمام المحققين ومحيي الدين وسلطان العارفين.

ولعل أشهر المعلقين على ابن عربي وتراثه وخاصة كتابه:  فصوص الحكم :  أولا: كتب عنه فصل الفكوك ، الذي كتبه للسلطان صدر الدين القناوي الذي درس الكتاب مع ابن عربي والثاني أن صدر الدين كان تلميذا عند مؤيد الدين الجندي الذي كان من المعلقين على الكتاب . والثالثة تعليقات  داود القيصري وهو تلميذ الجندي حيث اشتهر في الأدب الفارسي، وهناك أكثر من خمسين كاتبا ممن كتبوا عن ابن عربي وعلقوا على آثاره وأفكاره وفلسفته في العصر العثماني ،  مثل عبدالله البوسناوي، ومن العالم العربي عبدالغني النابلسي، ومن الفرس حيدر عمولي ، ومن الكتب الشهيرة أيضا كتاب نقد النصوص في شرح نقش الفصوص.(1459) لعبدالرحمن جامع  ونشره وليام شيتيك في مجلة جمعية محيي الدين ابن عربي عام .982، (الموسوعة العربية الأمريكية – حسن يحيى)

Al Razi & 26 Arab Thinkers Book CoverPublished at Amazon

Ibn Arabi & 26 Arab Thinkers Book Cover
Published at Amazon: Under: Great Arab and Muslim Thinkers

Who’s Ibn Arabi in Arab and world litearture?

Muhyiddin Ibn ‘Arabi ((1165–1240) is unquestionably one of the most profound and remarkable figures in the history of world spirituality. He lived at a time of great cultural and spiritual flowering in the West, in the Jewish and Christian traditions as much as in the Muslim world. Orientalists knew Ibn Arabi and wrote words describing him. For example, Henri Corbin said: Ibn ‘Arabi is one of those rare and powerful spiritual individuals who are the norm of their own orthodoxy and of their own time, because they belong neither to what is commonly called “their” time nor to the orthodoxy of “their” time.

A. J. Arberry said: “The greatest mystical genius of the Arabs, he has left his mark on all subsequent mystical literature.”  And William C. Chittick notes that “In the Islamic world, probably no-one has exercised deeper influence over the intellectual life of the community over the past 700 years.”

His full name is ‘Abū ‘Abdillāh Muḥammad ibn ‘Alī ibn Muḥammad ibn `Arabī was born into a respectable family in Murcia, Taifa of Murcia. He lived between  1165 and 1240 A.D. Specifically, he was born on the 17th of Ramaḍān 561 AH (27th or 28 July 1165 AD). He was widely known as al-Shaykh al-Akbar; (The Great Master) in medieval Europe he was called Doctor Maximus.

His father, ‘Ali ibn Muḥammad, served in the Army of ibn Mardanīsh. When ibn Mardanīsh died in 1172 AD, ‘Ali ibn Muḥammad swiftly shifted his allegiance to the Almohad Sultan, Abū Ya’qūb Yūsuf I, and became one of his military advisers. His family then relocated from Murcia to Seville, the Home of the famous Ibn Khaldun’s family.

Ibn ‘Arabī’s dogmatic and intellectual training began in Seville, then the cultural and civilized center of Muslim Iberia, in 578 AH. Most of his teachers were the clergy of the Almohad era and some of them held the official posts of Qadi or Khatib. He was a young boy when his father sent him to the renowned jurist Abū Bakr ibn Khalaf to study the Qur’an. Ibn ‘Arabī learned the recitation of the Qur’an from the book of Al-Kafi in the seven different Qira’at. The same work was also transmitted to him by another ‘Abd al-Raḥmān ibn Ghālib ibn al-Sharrāt. At the age of ten, he was well-versed in the Qira’āt; afterwards he learned the sciences of Hadith, Fiqh and Sirah from the famous scholars of the time such as Al-Suhayli.

Ibn ‘Arabī was about sixteen when he went into seclusion in his Sufi path. There is a story that ibn ‘Arabī was at a dinner party which ended with a round of wine. As he took the wine cup to his lips, he heard a voice: O Muḥammad, it was not for this that you were created! This gave him an urge to quit worldly pursuits and to embark upon the search of God. Another important cause of this retreat was a vision of the three great prophets Moses, Jesus and Muḥammad.

Ibn Arabi was known as “the Greatest Master” (al-Shaykh al-Akbar), he led an extraordinary inner and outer life. He travelled huge distances, from his native Spain to Syria and Turkey, writing over 350 books on the mystical path. His writings are founded on a totally harmonious vision of Reality, integrating all apparent differences without destroying their truths. They are singularly appropriate and needed in the world of today.

Many commentaries on Ibn ‘Arabī’s publications especially, his book Fuṣūṣ al-Ḥikam: the first, al-Fukūk, was written by his stepson and heir, Ṣadr al-Dīn al-Qunawī, who had studied the book with Ibn ‘Arabī; the second by Qunawī’s student, Mu’ayyad al-Dīn al-Jandī, which was the first line-by-line commentary; the third by Jandī’s student, Dawūd al-Qaysarī, which became very influential in the Persian-speaking world. There were many others, in the Ottoman world (e.g. ‘Abdullah al-Bosnawī), the Arab world (e.g. ‘Abd al-Ghanī al-Nabulusī) and the Persian world (e.g. Haydar Āmolī). It is estimated that there are over fifty commentaries on the Fuṣūṣ, most of which only exist in manuscript form. The more famous (such as Qunawī’s Fukūk) have been printed in recent years in Iran. A recent English translation of Ibn ‘Arabī’s own summary of the Fuṣūṣ, Naqsh al-Fuṣūṣ (The Imprint or Pattern of the Fusus) as well a commentary on this work by ‘Abd al-Raḥmān Jāmī, Naqd al-Nuṣūṣ fī Sharḥ Naqsh al-Fuṣūṣ (1459), by William Chittick was published in Volume 1 of the Journal of the Muhyiddin Ibn ‘Arabi Society (1982). – AAE

Read the writer’s 185 books HERE or Here

أقرأوا للكاتب بعضا من 185 كتابا هنا أو هنا وشكرا .والله يرعاكم .

Arab American Encyclopedia-AAE

About Arab American Encyclopedia-USA - Hasan Yahya

HASAN YAHYA was born at a small village called Majdal-YaFa (Majdal Sadiq) in Mandate Palestine (1944). He migrated as a refugee to Mes-ha, a village east of Kufr Qasim, west of Nablus (in the West Bank), then moved with his family to Zarka, 25 km north of Amman – Jordan. He finished the high school at Zarka Secondary School, 1963. He was appointed as a teacher in the same year. Studied Law first at Damascus University, then B.A from Lebanon University in Arabic literature and Eastern Cultures (1975). He moved to Kuwait. Where he got married in 1967. He was working at Kuwait Television, taught at bilingual School, and Kuwait University. In 1982, Hasan left to the United States to continue his education at Michigan State University. He got the Master Degree in 1983, the Ph.D degree in 1988 in Education (Psychology of Administration ). In 1991, He obtained his post degree in Social research, the result was a second Ph.D degree in Comparative sociology-Social Psychology. He was the only Arab student who enrolled ever to pursue two simultaneous Ph.D programs from Michigan State University and fulfill their requirements perfectly. Professor Yahya employment history began as a supervisor of a joint project to rehabilitate Youth (inmates out of prison) by Michigan State University and Intermediate School Districts. Worked also as a Teacher Assistant and lecturer in the same university. He was offered a position at Lansing Community College as well as Jackson Community College where he was assistant professor, then associate professor, then full professor (1991-2006). He taught Sociology, psychology, education, criminology and research methods. He supervised 19 Master and Ph.D candidates on various personal, economic psychological and social development topics. Professor Yahya published Hundreds (1000 Plus on this site) of articles and research reports in local, regional, and international journals. His interest covers local, regional and global conflicts. He also authored, translated, edited and published over 280 plus books in several languages, in almost all fields especial education, sociology and psychology. These books can be found on Amazon and Kindle. He also, was a visiting professor at Eastern Michigan University to give Research Methods and Conflict Management courses. Prof. Yahya accepted an offer to join Zayed University Faculty Team in 1998, then he served as the Head of Education and Psychology Department at Ajman University of Science and Technology 2001-04. Dr. Yahya established several institutes in Diaspora, the Arab American Encyclopedia, Ihyaa al Turath al Arabi Project, (Revival of Arab Heritage in Diaspora.Recently he was nominated for honorary committee member for the Union of Arab and Muslim Writers in America. He was affiliated with sociological associations and was a member of the Association of Muslim Social Scientists (AMSS) at USA. Social Activities and Community Participation: Dr. Yahya was a national figure on Diversity and Islamic Issues in the United States, with special attention to Race Relations and Psychology of Assimilation (generations 1,2 &3). He was invited as a public speaker to many TV shows and interviews in many countries. His philosophy includes enhancing knowledge to appreciate the others, and to compromise with others in order to live peacefully with others. This philosophy was the backgrounds of his theory, called “ Theory C. of Conflict Management”. And developed later to a Science of Cultural Normalization under the title: “Crescentology. The results of such theory will lead to world peace depends on a global Knowledge, Understanding, appreciation, and Compromising (KUAC)” Recently Prof. Yahya started "Publish your book FREE Project", to serve young Arab Writers. Dr. Yahya accepted the offer to be the chief editor of the International Humanities Studies Journal -I-H-S-Jerusalem, since July 2014. (Revised Sept. 2014) ولد الدكتور حسن عبدالقادر يحيى في مجدل يابا من أعمال يافا – فلسطين عام 1944. تلقى علومه الابتدائية في مدرسة بديا الأميرية في الضفة الغربية أيام احتوائها ضمن المملكة الأدردنية الهاشمية وتخرج في جامعة بيروت حاملاً الإجازة في اللغة العربية وآدابها، ودبلوم التأهيل التربوي من كلية القديس يوسف بلبنان، ودبلوم الدراسات العليا (الماجستير) ودكتوراة في الإدارة التربوية من جامعة ولاية ميشيغان بالولايات المتحدة عام 1988، وشهادة الدكتوراه في علم الاجتماع المقارن من الجامعة نفسها عام 1991. عمل في التدريس والصحافة الأدبية. أديب وشاعر وقاص ، ,كما عمل في تلفزيون الكويت الرسمي كمعد ومنسق برامج ثم اتجه إلى الكتابة والتأليف في علوم كثيرة تخص علمي النفس والاجتماع والتنمية البشرية ، والتغير الاجتماعي والسكان وألف ونشر العديد من المقالات (1000 +) والكتب باللغتين العربية والإنجليزية (أكثر من 330 كتابا) ، منها ست مجموعات قصصية وست كتب للأطفال ، وأربع دواوين شعرية باللغتين أيضا. وعدد من كتب التراث في الشعر والأدب والأخلاق الإسلامية والتربية والأديان . وهو الآن أستاذ متقاعد في جامعة ولاية ميشيغان. . وكان عضوا سابقا في جمعية العلماء المسلمين في أمريكا . وجمعية علماء الاجتماع الأمريكية - ميشيغان، وهو مؤسس الموسوعة العربية الأمريكية في الولايات المتحدة ضمن مشروع إحياء التراث العربي في بلاد المهجرز كما تم ترشيحه مؤخرا ليكون عضو مجلس التحرير لمجلة الدراسات الإنسانية العالمية. وقد قبل أن يتسلم رئاسة تحريرها اعتبارا من نهاية يونيو 2014 His email: askdryahya@yahoo.com Thank you!
This entry was posted in Arab Literature, Arab Manifesto, Arab Personalilities, Arab Philosophy, History, Islam & Muslim Affairs, Philosophy & Logic, Religions and Spirts, Women Affairs, الفلاسفة العرب،, تاريخ عربي, تراث عربي وأخلاق إسلامية،, تراث عربي أدبي, تربية وتعليم ، Education, حضارة عرب،, شخصيات عربية نفخر بها and tagged . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s