Two Minutes with Dr. Yahya: Common Ancestry : Cow, Mouse and Human
Hasan Yahya: Biological Science of Genome
Is there common ancestry for all three species the human being, the cow and the mouse? Is their genome, the same shared by the three genes? It seems a serious question. Isn’t it?
Let me begin with the belief among various faiths, God, created humans in four different kinds: Adam without father or mother; Hawwaa (Eve) from male without female; Issa (Jesus) from a mother without father; and the rest of humans from both father and mother.
While Human Genome Projects stretches from the United States to Europe to Australia, Japan, and China to find out the answer, It still not complete answer satisfy everybody on earth, unless dealing with human races which can be proved. In 1957, a group of scientist from all over the world, discussed and proved that all human races belong to the same Aroma. A fact Islam brought it 1,400 years ago in Qur’an (al-Hujurat: 49:3). And before that time , the Bible shows, “all humans on earth today are descended from Noah and his wife, his three sons and their wives, and before that from Adam and Eve (Genesis 1-11, and # Ac 17:26 Comp. # Ro 5:12-12 1Co 15:22-49).
In terms of science on the topic, if we look across the genome of ourselves and other species, you find genes in a particular order with space in between them. Here’s a place, for example, in the human and the cow and the mouse genome where you have the same three genes.
So somewhere higher up in that lineage this happened in a single individual, and that happened to be spread throughout all of the following organisms, primates and humans. That’s why we humans get scurvy if we don’t have access to vitamin C. Apparently in most of human history and primate history, there was plenty of vitamin C in the environment, so there was no great loss sustained here until we went to sea for long periods of time. Cows and mice don’t need vitamin C; they make their own. They have a GULO* gene.
Looking for the GULO is an interesting gene. It codes for an enzyme called gulonolactone oxidase. That is the enzyme that catalyzes the final step in the synthesis of vitamin C, ascorbic acid. You probably know that vitamin C is something that’s a vitamin because we need it. We can’t make it ourselves, and the reason for that is that our GULO gene has sustained a knockout blow About half the gene has been deleted, and there’s a little remnant left behind that you can see. The tail end of it is still evidence that GULO used to be there, but it’s not in any of us. In fact, it’s not there in any primate.
While they are linked up in the same order, which is consistent with a common anscestor, (but without no prove yet!), it may suggest it. You don’t have to argue that the human genome was somehow special, that God created us in a different way than these other organisms, you would also have to postulate that God intentionally put a defective gene in exactly the place where a common ancestry would say it should be. This may sound exactly like the action of a God of all truth. But is it? It may be inescapable for somebody with an open mind to conclude that descent from a common ancestor is true and we’re part of it.
If you’re going to try to argue that the human genome was somehow special, that God created us in a different way than these other organisms, you would also have to postulate that God intentionally put a defective gene in exactly the place where a common ancestry would say it should be.
Let’s give an example on this issue. In the U.S Gallup Poll asks people about their belief on the question above, every year, and gives the choice among three options. Results come in the following options:
1) The first option, that God guided a process that happened over millions of years – 3 8 percent;
2) The second option, that God had no part, that being a deist or an atheist perspective — 13 percent. And;
3) Tthe largest number — 45 percent, almost half — choose the third option, that God created human beings in their present form in the last 10,000 years.
We can’t arrive at that conclusion without throwing out pretty much all of the evidence from cosmology, geology, paleontology, biology, physics, chemistry, genomics and the fossil record. Yet that is the conclusion that many people prefer, not only in American, but may be elsewhere too.
Thus, there are a lot of forces trying to encourage that view. If you’ve been to the Creation Museum — I haven’t, but I gather some of you have — it will show you this perspective of humans and dinosaurs frolicking together in a way that’s consistent with the 6,000-year-old Earth. Again, many children going to see this are probably walking away thinking, yeah, that makes sense.
I get e-mails practically every week from people who were raised in this tradition — many of them home schooled or schooled in a Christian high school where young Earth creationism is the only view that they’re exposed to. Then
When our kids get to university and they see the actual data that supports the age of the Earth as 4.5, 5 billion years old, and they see the data that supports evolution as being correct, they go into an intense personal crisis.
Scientists in fact set school kids up for a terrible struggle by what they are doing right now in this Genome affair.
It seems to many scientist in the field, that atheism in this case, is, of all of the choices, the least rational, because it assumes that you know enough to exclude the possibility of God. But none of us could claim we know enough to make such a grand statement?
In conclusion, God, who is not limited in space or time, created this universe 13.7 billion years ago with its parameters precisely tuned to allow the development of complexity over long periods of time. That plan included the mechanism of evolution to create this marvelous diversity of living things on our planet and to include ourselves, human beings. Evolution, in the fullness of time, prepared these big-brained creatures, but that’s probably not all we are from the perspective of a believer. The question may rise here is, Why would God spend so much time getting to the point? But we have to remember, a few steps back there, we said the only way you’ve really solved the creator problem without ending up in an infinite regress is to have God be outside of time. So, basically, it might be a long time to us, but it might be a blink of an eye to God. www.askdryahya.com
** Gulonolactone, a protein coding, or L-gulonolactone oxidase is an enzyme that catalyzes the reaction of D-glucuronolactone (also known as L-gulono-1,4-lactone) with oxygen to L-xylo-hex-3-gulonolactone and hydrogen peroxide.
*** The writer is a former professor of philosophy, Michigan State University.
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