Conflicts in the Muslim world – I
Professor of Comparative Sociology
President of Ihyaa al Turath al Arabi fil Mahjar
and the Arab American Encyclopedia
Why local or regional conflicts cover mostly the Muslim World? Let us look at the causes of conflict in recent history. As is the case in most “religious” conflicts, economic, political, and social forces play a significant role. Religion, according to recent research projects, often serves to provide an ultimate justification for a particular political or ideological position or for a worldview that encompasses other dimensions of life. This is certainly the case with respect to religious strife in many countries.
For example, in February 2006, Nigeria was the scene of violent confrontations between Muslim and Christian groups occasioned by the publishing, initially in Denmark, of caricatures of the prophet Muhammad. In countries of Europe and the Middle East, the “cartoon controversy” set off protests directed primarily at secular, western institutions and attitudes considered hostile to Islam.
Violence between Muslims and Christians in Nigeria has claimed thousands of lives in the past decade. It flared again in February 2006 when Muslim outrage at the caricatures of the prophet Muhammad led to a massacre of dozens of Christians in the north, followed by reprisal killings of Muslims by Christians in the south. More than 150 people were killed and numerous churches and mosques were destroyed or burned.
In Kenya, the church has become the most viable opposition to an authoritarian government. In Zaire, Liberia, and Mozambique, the Catholic church criticize regimes. In Algeria, Muslim leaders demand reform. In other places, religious issues can be resolved by violence, Opposition to government policies by religious groups is fairly common and cover all types of religion all over the world. While opposition can be conservative, turn to more radical, as the Islamic militant groups in Iran, Egypt, Malaysia, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. In Mauritius , Hindu ethnic and religious communities clashes with the Roman Catholics and other Christians as well.
In Iraq, Sunni-Shi’i conflict, the Shia never governed a modern Arab state. until the overthrow of Saddam Hussein, They were in control in Persian Iran, but the Sunnis led most Arab states in the Middle East. The change in Iraq was a shock. Baghdad quickly emerged as a center of Arab Shiite power. The backlash among Sunni Arabs in Iraq quickly turned violent. The Sunni insurgency first targeted American troops, but soon, with the involvement of al-Qaida in Iraq, it attacked the Shia as well. The targets includes Shiite holy sites; Shiite neighborhoods in Baghdad and elsewhere.
In Darfur-Sudan, another Islamic civil war conflict now happening in the Darfur region of western Sudan. One side of the armed conflict is composed mainly of the Sudanese military and the Janjaweed, a militia group recruited mostly from the Arab Abbala tribes of the northern Rizeigat, camel-herding nomads. The other side comprises a variety of rebel groups, notably the Sudan Liberation Movement/Army and the Justice and Equality Movement, recruited primarily from the land-tilling non-Arab Fur, Zaghawa, and Masalit ethnic groups. (words) www.hasanyahya.com
إلى القراء والقارئات العرب في كل مكان
عرب يارسول الله ….. عرب !
لطفا… إذا أعجبكم هذا المقال فأرسلوه بالموبايل إلى أصحابكم وشاركوا في تنمية الأخلاق الإنسانية السليمة الداعية للسلام
*** Note for readers: If you like this, please MOBILE it to friends and love ones