Two Minutes with Dr. Yahya: Conflicts in the Muslim world – II


Conflicts in the Muslim world – II

Hasan A. Yahya, Professor of Sociology

 President of Ihyaa al Turath al Arabi fil Mahjar

and the Arab American Encyclopedia– USA

Part Two of Four

This is part two to answer the question: Why local or regional conflicts cover mostly the Muslim World?

For centuries in which two or more dominant religions exist, tension tend to revolve around the propagation of faith. If one faith is dominant by the numbers, as in most North Africa, and the middle East, the minority religion plays the politics of survival, when one group become more assertive to  dominates politics. To achieve religious homogeneity as apolitical strategy, many groups create enormous problem. For example, In Sudan, when its leaders attempted to spread Islam and impose theocratic state, the civil war continues by inside and outside assistance and support. Islamic state in Sudan means attempts to resort to Islamic Law as a homogenizing strategy alienate the southerners. To solve the problem, both secular and religious governments have failed in Sudan, we still see the conflict get out its borders.

In Asia, there is yet no end to violence in India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh. May be because identities and communal nationalism remain intense. The demand for self-determination remains very strong which create pressure over governments. In South Asia, as any other country,  the roots of violence has been traced to European Colonial politics and politicized ethnic relations. The lack of appropriate measures for minimizing communal politics contributes in failing solving such conflicts.

In India, for example, the state has reformed aspects of the Hindu religion(as eliminating the cast system), taken on multiparty democracy, and used force when it is necessary.

The South Thailand insurgency. is a separatist campaign by Islamic rebels, which is taking place in the predominantly Malay Pattani region, made up of the three southernmost provinces of Thailand, with violence increasingly spilling over into other provinces.

In Pakistan, a nations where Islam is dominant, problems include the integration of women and their rights into the political system without offending conservative Islamic leaders, and how to develop democracy and an economic system that is sensitive to the poor and to the interest of religious minorities, who constitute about 3% of the population.

In Bangladesh, the unitary state system has been successful in keeping homogeneous state together, but has yet to clearly define its own model of Islamic democracy or to prevent the recent mass migration of the minority Hindu to India. In Sri Lanka and Bangladesh, the strategy has been to use the unitary system to ensure the survival of the components of unity.

The nation-state projects has not succeeded in solving the problems between Hindu Majority and and the Muslim minority in India and similar Asian countries, but it has prevented the country’s collapse. Indian successes have been recorded, for instance in the area of democracy. While the Hindu now accept democracy and secular state, they seem to reject measures that would grant too many rights to the Muslim minority. Indian democracy has not succeeded completely to bring the general public or be able to overcome religious and ethnic differences. Poverty and social inequality, in many of these countries combined to create conditions for trouble. The worst situation in India that the secular arrangements had failed to integrate the Muslims of the country. Further, Muslims have been treated in Indian politics either as unfortunate cultural group deserving the sympathy and protection of the secular state, according to Ishtiaq Ahmed, “or as a despised and disloyal one fit to be relegated to an even more excluded and marginal position”. This may explain the intractable problem of Kashmir Islamic nationalism, demanding a separate state of their own.

In conclusion, In order to solve these conflicts, in terms of minority or ethnic groups, principles initiated by organizations to deal with national, regional, or global conflicts should take into consideration, equality, justice and unity goals in  national, regional, or global disputes, depending on understanding these groups grievances and rights, appreciation of their demands, and compromising for the public national welfare, through non-violence approach dealing with conflicts.

Religion among minority and  various ethnic groups in this case will not be a factor to initiate conflicts, but factors to bring people together to survive in any national or regional borders. If these measures were not applied, religious and ethnic conflicts will take violence into their hands to keep their dignity and human rights. (729 words) www.hasanyahya.com

بعناية الأديب الدكتور حسن يحيى www.hasanyahya.com

بعناية الأديب الدكتور حسن يحيى
www.hasanyahya.com

إلى القراء والقارئات العرب في كل مكان

عرب يارسول الله ….. عرب !

لطفا… إذا أعجبكم هذا المقال فأرسلوه بالموبايل إلى أصحابكم وشاركوا في تنمية الأخلاق الإنسانية السليمة الداعية للسلام

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Read the writer’s 250 books HERE or Here

أقرأوا للكاتب بعضا من 250 كتابا هنا أو هنا وشكرا .والله يرعاكم .

About Arab American Encyclopedia-USA - Hasan Yahya

HASAN YAHYA was born at a small village called Majdal-YaFa (Majdal Sadiq) in Mandate Palestine (1944). He migrated as a refugee to Mes-ha, a village east of Kufr Qasim, west of Nablus (in the West Bank), then moved with his family to Zarka, 25 km north of Amman – Jordan. He finished the high school at Zarka Secondary School, 1963. He was appointed as a teacher in the same year. Studied Law first at Damascus University, then B.A from Lebanon University in Arabic literature and Eastern Cultures (1975). He moved to Kuwait. Where he got married in 1967. He was working at Kuwait Television, taught at bilingual School, and Kuwait University. In 1982, Hasan left to the United States to continue his education at Michigan State University. He got the Master Degree in 1983, the Ph.D degree in 1988 in Education (Psychology of Administration ). In 1991, He obtained his post degree in Social research, the result was a second Ph.D degree in Comparative sociology-Social Psychology. He was the only Arab student who enrolled ever to pursue two simultaneous Ph.D programs from Michigan State University and fulfill their requirements perfectly. Professor Yahya employment history began as a supervisor of a joint project to rehabilitate Youth (inmates out of prison) by Michigan State University and Intermediate School Districts. Worked also as a Teacher Assistant and lecturer in the same university. He was offered a position at Lansing Community College as well as Jackson Community College where he was assistant professor, then associate professor, then full professor (1991-2006). He taught Sociology, psychology, education, criminology and research methods. He supervised 19 Master and Ph.D candidates on various personal, economic psychological and social development topics. Professor Yahya published Hundreds (1000 Plus on this site) of articles and research reports in local, regional, and international journals. His interest covers local, regional and global conflicts. He also authored, translated, edited and published over 280 plus books in several languages, in almost all fields especial education, sociology and psychology. These books can be found on Amazon and Kindle. He also, was a visiting professor at Eastern Michigan University to give Research Methods and Conflict Management courses. Prof. Yahya accepted an offer to join Zayed University Faculty Team in 1998, then he served as the Head of Education and Psychology Department at Ajman University of Science and Technology 2001-04. Dr. Yahya established several institutes in Diaspora, the Arab American Encyclopedia, Ihyaa al Turath al Arabi Project, (Revival of Arab Heritage in Diaspora.Recently he was nominated for honorary committee member for the Union of Arab and Muslim Writers in America. He was affiliated with sociological associations and was a member of the Association of Muslim Social Scientists (AMSS) at USA. Social Activities and Community Participation: Dr. Yahya was a national figure on Diversity and Islamic Issues in the United States, with special attention to Race Relations and Psychology of Assimilation (generations 1,2 &3). He was invited as a public speaker to many TV shows and interviews in many countries. His philosophy includes enhancing knowledge to appreciate the others, and to compromise with others in order to live peacefully with others. This philosophy was the backgrounds of his theory, called “ Theory C. of Conflict Management”. And developed later to a Science of Cultural Normalization under the title: “Crescentology. The results of such theory will lead to world peace depends on a global Knowledge, Understanding, appreciation, and Compromising (KUAC)” Recently Prof. Yahya started "Publish your book FREE Project", to serve young Arab Writers. Dr. Yahya accepted the offer to be the chief editor of the International Humanities Studies Journal -I-H-S-Jerusalem, since July 2014. (Revised Sept. 2014) ولد الدكتور حسن عبدالقادر يحيى في مجدل يابا من أعمال يافا – فلسطين عام 1944. تلقى علومه الابتدائية في مدرسة بديا الأميرية في الضفة الغربية أيام احتوائها ضمن المملكة الأدردنية الهاشمية وتخرج في جامعة بيروت حاملاً الإجازة في اللغة العربية وآدابها، ودبلوم التأهيل التربوي من كلية القديس يوسف بلبنان، ودبلوم الدراسات العليا (الماجستير) ودكتوراة في الإدارة التربوية من جامعة ولاية ميشيغان بالولايات المتحدة عام 1988، وشهادة الدكتوراه في علم الاجتماع المقارن من الجامعة نفسها عام 1991. عمل في التدريس والصحافة الأدبية. أديب وشاعر وقاص ، ,كما عمل في تلفزيون الكويت الرسمي كمعد ومنسق برامج ثم اتجه إلى الكتابة والتأليف في علوم كثيرة تخص علمي النفس والاجتماع والتنمية البشرية ، والتغير الاجتماعي والسكان وألف ونشر العديد من المقالات (1000 +) والكتب باللغتين العربية والإنجليزية (أكثر من 330 كتابا) ، منها ست مجموعات قصصية وست كتب للأطفال ، وأربع دواوين شعرية باللغتين أيضا. وعدد من كتب التراث في الشعر والأدب والأخلاق الإسلامية والتربية والأديان . وهو الآن أستاذ متقاعد في جامعة ولاية ميشيغان. . وكان عضوا سابقا في جمعية العلماء المسلمين في أمريكا . وجمعية علماء الاجتماع الأمريكية - ميشيغان، وهو مؤسس الموسوعة العربية الأمريكية في الولايات المتحدة ضمن مشروع إحياء التراث العربي في بلاد المهجرز كما تم ترشيحه مؤخرا ليكون عضو مجلس التحرير لمجلة الدراسات الإنسانية العالمية. وقد قبل أن يتسلم رئاسة تحريرها اعتبارا من نهاية يونيو 2014 His email: askdryahya@yahoo.com Thank you!
This entry was posted in Arab American Encyclopedia, Arab Manifesto, Middle East Politics, Philosophy & Logic, Research Methods, Science, Sociology, محمد رسول الله, World Justice, www.hasanyahya.com and tagged , , . Bookmark the permalink.

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