Article 586: Two Minutes with Dr. Yahya: Theories of Studying Societies


Article 586:Two Minutes with Dr. Yahya: Theories of Studying Societies

نظريات دراسة المجتمعات

Arab Manifesto Articles Series

Hasan A. Yahya, Professor of Sociology-President of the Arab American Encyclopedia-USA

 There are three main approaches or paradigms to deal with any issue (social, psychological,  economic or political). And there are may be tens of sub-approaches spring from the main ones. In sociology we learned that these approaches to study  society and everyday activities may be one who approach society as functional bodies structured to induce stability and order. Where individuals or groups or organizations of societies cooperate together as parts like a human body. As opposite to the first approach, it looks to society as competing organs to survive, therefore, it looks for division competing with each other in terms of having or not having basis, or racial or religious differences, in what they call it inequality, exploitation and interest conflict. A third approach  is to look at the meaning of actions among people by studying norms, values, and symbols of any given society, group, organization, or nation, and compare it with other societies, groups, or nations. In all these approaches followers of each approach reach a conclusion and gives certain suggestions to correct what is going wrong in a society or group or organization or nation or even studying the globe in terms of life satisfaction, happiness, and well-being.

All approaches may have the same research methodology to study a phenomenon. I mean using scientific rules of research, from making propositions, to hypothesis, to formulating and defining concepts and  measurement to data collection to analysis of data and testing the findings. In order to recommend according to their research  findings possible suggestions to solve the problem under study.  They all fall in the same fallibility and false assumptions they made in terms of priority of such research projects and limited research interest which is controlled by certain interest groups to control people attitudes  or land resources.

The first paradigm, the functional structural approach usually divided into two sub-approaches. One looks for the good things in society to enhance it, and manage it, the second is to look at the wrong practices (in groups, organizations, and nations, etc.) to understand it, test its propositions, and suggest possible solutions to correct it through policy makers in the society.  The assumption underline this approach is that the phenomenon exists, and need enhancing by correction or better management in  peaceful means. The second paradigm, the conflict approach has also assumptions to correct a phenomenon, to change it and create a new phenomenon better than the existed one. In other words, it rejects the status quo and study how to change it in any possible means. The third paradigm, however, have certain assumptions about any study belong to it (In sociology, anthropology,  psychology, or politics) in order to understand the meaning of the phenomenon to a certain group in the society. It is an approach closer to functional-structural theory than to the second conflict theory. For example, it study the meaning of cross, or crescent or the snake symbols used by groups or nations in order to understand it.

 

Research Practice: Steps of Doing Research www.hasanyahya.com

Research Practice: Steps of Doing Research
http://www.hasanyahya.com

In studying religion, the matter is so difficult, but using certain approach gives us some characteristics of researchers (and intellectual scholars) and how their finding will be directed. In all, critical thinking using intellectual abilities is a common characteristic to all.  If we consider religion as a functional institute in a the structure of society or group like any other part of the group (like military, civilian, medical, or engineering), then we have to study the relationships between belief and progress as well as related to other social phenomenon such as poverty, illiteracy, ignorance, inequality, lack of political participation, women position, and the like. Because the body is not only the head, but the soul, the arms, the legs and even the sexual organs. Religion in this case is an attitude learned not created be genes. If an attitude may change through several means of changing time and space and social development, then religion has to also to change. Under conflict theory, however, religion is rejected according to those who calls for changing the status quo politically by revolution. Religion will not be the main factor to study societies, groups, organizations or nations.  Other factors (social, political, and anthropological) will have priority to be studied than religion. Taking this assumption as deficiency to conflict theory or not, it is similar to research directions and financial support deficiency under functional-structural theory.

Under symbolic interaction, the third approach, researcher look at the meaning of belief, prayer, God, marriage, and family ways of rearing children among different peoples, food and dietary habits among  groups, and nations. Without attacking religion or its components. The approach decides whither we look for correct signs and practices or to wrong signs and practices in the social, political, psychological, and anthropological areas. www.hasanyahya.com

الكاتب الأديب العربي الأردني الفلسطيني الأمريكي الفيلسوف  www.hasanyahya.comالدكتور حسن يحيى

الكاتب الأديب العربي الأردني الفلسطيني الأمريكي الفيلسوف
http://www.hasanyahya.comالدكتور حسن يحيى

About Arab American Encyclopedia-USA - Hasan Yahya

HASAN YAHYA was born at a small village called Majdal-YaFa (Majdal Sadiq) in Mandate Palestine (1944). He migrated as a refugee to Mes-ha, a village east of Kufr Qasim, west of Nablus (in the West Bank), then moved with his family to Zarka, 25 km north of Amman – Jordan. He finished the high school at Zarka Secondary School, 1963. He was appointed as a teacher in the same year. Studied Law first at Damascus University, then B.A from Lebanon University in Arabic literature and Eastern Cultures (1975). He moved to Kuwait. Where he got married in 1967. He was working at Kuwait Television, taught at bilingual School, and Kuwait University. In 1982, Hasan left to the United States to continue his education at Michigan State University. He got the Master Degree in 1983, the Ph.D degree in 1988 in Education (Psychology of Administration ). In 1991, He obtained his post degree in Social research, the result was a second Ph.D degree in Comparative sociology-Social Psychology. He was the only Arab student who enrolled ever to pursue two simultaneous Ph.D programs from Michigan State University and fulfill their requirements perfectly. Professor Yahya employment history began as a supervisor of a joint project to rehabilitate Youth (inmates out of prison) by Michigan State University and Intermediate School Districts. Worked also as a Teacher Assistant and lecturer in the same university. He was offered a position at Lansing Community College as well as Jackson Community College where he was assistant professor, then associate professor, then full professor (1991-2006). He taught Sociology, psychology, education, criminology and research methods. He supervised 19 Master and Ph.D candidates on various personal, economic psychological and social development topics. Professor Yahya published Hundreds (1000 Plus on this site) of articles and research reports in local, regional, and international journals. His interest covers local, regional and global conflicts. He also authored, translated, edited and published over 280 plus books in several languages, in almost all fields especial education, sociology and psychology. These books can be found on Amazon and Kindle. He also, was a visiting professor at Eastern Michigan University to give Research Methods and Conflict Management courses. Prof. Yahya accepted an offer to join Zayed University Faculty Team in 1998, then he served as the Head of Education and Psychology Department at Ajman University of Science and Technology 2001-04. Dr. Yahya established several institutes in Diaspora, the Arab American Encyclopedia, Ihyaa al Turath al Arabi Project, (Revival of Arab Heritage in Diaspora.Recently he was nominated for honorary committee member for the Union of Arab and Muslim Writers in America. He was affiliated with sociological associations and was a member of the Association of Muslim Social Scientists (AMSS) at USA. Social Activities and Community Participation: Dr. Yahya was a national figure on Diversity and Islamic Issues in the United States, with special attention to Race Relations and Psychology of Assimilation (generations 1,2 &3). He was invited as a public speaker to many TV shows and interviews in many countries. His philosophy includes enhancing knowledge to appreciate the others, and to compromise with others in order to live peacefully with others. This philosophy was the backgrounds of his theory, called “ Theory C. of Conflict Management”. And developed later to a Science of Cultural Normalization under the title: “Crescentology. The results of such theory will lead to world peace depends on a global Knowledge, Understanding, appreciation, and Compromising (KUAC)” Recently Prof. Yahya started "Publish your book FREE Project", to serve young Arab Writers. Dr. Yahya accepted the offer to be the chief editor of the International Humanities Studies Journal -I-H-S-Jerusalem, since July 2014. (Revised Sept. 2014) ولد الدكتور حسن عبدالقادر يحيى في مجدل يابا من أعمال يافا – فلسطين عام 1944. تلقى علومه الابتدائية في مدرسة بديا الأميرية في الضفة الغربية أيام احتوائها ضمن المملكة الأدردنية الهاشمية وتخرج في جامعة بيروت حاملاً الإجازة في اللغة العربية وآدابها، ودبلوم التأهيل التربوي من كلية القديس يوسف بلبنان، ودبلوم الدراسات العليا (الماجستير) ودكتوراة في الإدارة التربوية من جامعة ولاية ميشيغان بالولايات المتحدة عام 1988، وشهادة الدكتوراه في علم الاجتماع المقارن من الجامعة نفسها عام 1991. عمل في التدريس والصحافة الأدبية. أديب وشاعر وقاص ، ,كما عمل في تلفزيون الكويت الرسمي كمعد ومنسق برامج ثم اتجه إلى الكتابة والتأليف في علوم كثيرة تخص علمي النفس والاجتماع والتنمية البشرية ، والتغير الاجتماعي والسكان وألف ونشر العديد من المقالات (1000 +) والكتب باللغتين العربية والإنجليزية (أكثر من 330 كتابا) ، منها ست مجموعات قصصية وست كتب للأطفال ، وأربع دواوين شعرية باللغتين أيضا. وعدد من كتب التراث في الشعر والأدب والأخلاق الإسلامية والتربية والأديان . وهو الآن أستاذ متقاعد في جامعة ولاية ميشيغان. . وكان عضوا سابقا في جمعية العلماء المسلمين في أمريكا . وجمعية علماء الاجتماع الأمريكية - ميشيغان، وهو مؤسس الموسوعة العربية الأمريكية في الولايات المتحدة ضمن مشروع إحياء التراث العربي في بلاد المهجرز كما تم ترشيحه مؤخرا ليكون عضو مجلس التحرير لمجلة الدراسات الإنسانية العالمية. وقد قبل أن يتسلم رئاسة تحريرها اعتبارا من نهاية يونيو 2014 His email: askdryahya@yahoo.com Thank you!
This entry was posted in Arab American Encyclopedia, Arab Manifesto, Arab Women Literature, Decision Making, Dryahyatv, Hasan Yahya حسن يحيى, Health Research, Ibn Khaldun ابن خلدون،, Project Management., Research Methods, Science, Sociology, تربية وتعليم ، Education, حضارة عرب، and tagged , . Bookmark the permalink.

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