2Mw/Dr. Yahya: The Horses in Arab Culture الفروسية في التراث العربي


 

 

The Horses in Arab Culture

الفروسية والحصان  في التراث العربي

د. حسن عبد القادر يحيى

مؤرخ وعالم اجتماع

Hasan Yahya, Ph.ds, Palestinian Sociologist and Historian

Arab American Encyclopedia

 Horses and Camels are the two preeminent animals of Arabia. The desert as a habitable place cannot be imagined without these two animals. al mutanabbi in his famous poetry mentioned the horses plus other seven  qualities for the great Arab man in his person He says:

الخيل والليل والبيداء تعرفني    والرمح والسيف والقرطاس والقلم

Meaning: I was known by the horses, the Nights, the desert as well as by spear, sword, papers and writing methods (literature)

 

The importance of horses in Bedouin life comes from its use and services horses provide in transportation and wealth. As a mean toward victory in Ghazwat (short wars). God swear by horses: “wal aadiyati Dhabha” as a sign of important animals in man’s life.

 

In Solomon’s-the Jewish Prophet-story horses were representing power and might. Horses also, are sign of beauty, it is used sometimes dancing for the crowd in the Prophet Birth celebration in many places in the Muslim world, especially in Egypt and Sudan.

In a tradition narrated that the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said: “al Khayru Ma’qoodun binawasi al Khayl, ila Yawm al Qiyama”,  meaning:  (Horses benefits survive until the until the Day of Judgment).(al Tabarani, al Albani note 3349)

 

20-20 حكايات وأغاني للأطفال www.hasanyahya.com

20-20 حكايات وأغاني للأطفال
http://www.hasanyahya.com

Horses are blessed animals, according to Arab tradition “there are three kinds : a horse for God’s purposes use, (used for the sake of God); a horse for Satan purposes use, and a horse for human being purposes use.

As a horse for the sake of God, Qur’an reads: “wa Ai’ddu lahum Mastata’tum min Quwwatin wamin Ribat al Khayl….. Turhibuna bih Adowwa Allahi….” (Anfal:60), meaning,( prepare as a force what can you prepare, and from horses, to scare God’s  enemies…..)

As a horse for human being use< Qur’an reads: “Zuyyena linnasi hubbub ashahawat min al Nisaa wal baneen wal Qanateer al Muqantarati min al Dhahabi wal Fiddah, wal Khaylil Musawwamah…,.”(Al Umran:14) meaning, (pleasures for human beings we create : love of women, love of children, love of having more of Gold and silver, and good shaped horses).

While kings of Persia were interested to own good horses in the story of Hatim al Ta’i. the well known generous man in Arabia before Islam, he sloutered his horse to the envoy which came to ask for his horse to the King. As a generous man have nothing to feed his visitors on the time of visit, other than his cherished and well loved horse. His genourosity was retold in history of horses.

 

كتاب يصلح للمدارس الابتدائية  www.hasanyahya.com

كتاب يصلح للمدارس الابتدائية
http://www.hasanyahya.com

In conclusion, camels and horses in the life of old Arabs, especially Bedouins, those who dwell in desert was very important. In modern days,  camels and horses have great position but different purposes. In some cases, a she camel for racing recently in one market was priced and sold of one million UAE Dirham. ($365,000) The price of horses, may reach tens of times of the camel price in world market. (453 words)  AAE www.hasanyahya.com

يرجى التكرم بعد قراءة هذه المقامة إذا وافقت هوى في نفوسكم أن تخبروا أصدقاءكم لتعم الفائدة من المعلومات فيها، وشكرا لكم.

 Note for readers: If you liked this, please MOBILE IT to friends and love ones. Thank you!

سلسلة التعليم للأطفال: بلادي العربية أصل الحضارة  www.hasanyahya.com

سلسلة التعليم للأطفال: بلادي العربية أصل الحضارة
http://www.hasanyahya.com

 Special Thanks to Female and male Principles and teachers in USA, Great Britain,and EU for selecting some of the author’s bublications bringing up our children in Diaspora. I appreciate. Thank you!

الكاتب أمام مبنى وزارة التربية -الإمارات

الكاتب أمام مبنى وزارة التربية -الإمارات www.hasanyahya.com

Hasan Yahya is a Palestinian Sociologist and Historian, former professor of Comparative Sociology and Educational Administration at Michigan State University and Jackson Community College. He is the Board Editing member at International Humanities Studies (IHS) Journal.  Dr. Yahya is the originator of Arab American Encyclopedia and Ihyaa al Turath al Arabi fil Mahjar-USA. His publication may be observed on Amazon and Kindle. To reach the writer: Email: askdryahya@yahoo.com

Dr. Yahya Credentials:

Ph.D in Comparative Socioloy 1991, Michigan State University.

Ph.D in Educational Administration, Michigan State Univ.

M.A Psychology of Schhols Conflict Management, Michigan State Univ.

Diploma M.A, Oriental Studies, St. Joseph Univ. Beirut, Lebanon

B.A Modern and Classical Arab Literature

Life Achievements: Publishing 250 plus Books and 1000 plus articles

www.hasanyahya.com

 

كتاب أغان عربية لرياض الأطفال www.hasanyahya.com

كتاب أغان عربية لرياض الأطفال
http://www.hasanyahya.com

كتاب معروف الإسكافي من ألف ليلة وليلة  www.hasanyahya.com

كتاب معروف الإسكافي من ألف ليلة وليلة
http://www.hasanyahya.com

ضمن مشروع: "أنشر كتابك مجانا"  للشباب العربي ، تم نشر هذا الكتاب لإحياء التراث العربي في المهجر

ضمن مشروع: “أنشر كتابك مجانا” للشباب العربي ، تم نشر هذا الكتاب لإحياء التراث العربي في المهجر

مقدمة ابن خلدون  تقديم الدكتور حسن يحيd www.hasanyahya.com

مقدمة ابن خلدون
تقديم الدكتور حسن يحيd
http://www.hasanyahya.com

رواية قنديل أم هاشم  للأديب العربي يحيى حقي  www.hasanyahya.com

رواية قنديل أم هاشم
للأديب العربي يحيى حقي
http://www.hasanyahya.com

 

 

 

 

 

About Arab American Encyclopedia-USA - Hasan Yahya

HASAN YAHYA was born at a small village called Majdal-YaFa (Majdal Sadiq) in Mandate Palestine (1944). He migrated as a refugee to Mes-ha, a village east of Kufr Qasim, west of Nablus (in the West Bank), then moved with his family to Zarka, 25 km north of Amman – Jordan. He finished the high school at Zarka Secondary School, 1963. He was appointed as a teacher in the same year. Studied Law first at Damascus University, then B.A from Lebanon University in Arabic literature and Eastern Cultures (1975). He moved to Kuwait. Where he got married in 1967. He was working at Kuwait Television, taught at bilingual School, and Kuwait University. In 1982, Hasan left to the United States to continue his education at Michigan State University. He got the Master Degree in 1983, the Ph.D degree in 1988 in Education (Psychology of Administration ). In 1991, He obtained his post degree in Social research, the result was a second Ph.D degree in Comparative sociology-Social Psychology. He was the only Arab student who enrolled ever to pursue two simultaneous Ph.D programs from Michigan State University and fulfill their requirements perfectly. Professor Yahya employment history began as a supervisor of a joint project to rehabilitate Youth (inmates out of prison) by Michigan State University and Intermediate School Districts. Worked also as a Teacher Assistant and lecturer in the same university. He was offered a position at Lansing Community College as well as Jackson Community College where he was assistant professor, then associate professor, then full professor (1991-2006). He taught Sociology, psychology, education, criminology and research methods. He supervised 19 Master and Ph.D candidates on various personal, economic psychological and social development topics. Professor Yahya published Hundreds (1000 Plus on this site) of articles and research reports in local, regional, and international journals. His interest covers local, regional and global conflicts. He also authored, translated, edited and published over 280 plus books in several languages, in almost all fields especial education, sociology and psychology. These books can be found on Amazon and Kindle. He also, was a visiting professor at Eastern Michigan University to give Research Methods and Conflict Management courses. Prof. Yahya accepted an offer to join Zayed University Faculty Team in 1998, then he served as the Head of Education and Psychology Department at Ajman University of Science and Technology 2001-04. Dr. Yahya established several institutes in Diaspora, the Arab American Encyclopedia, Ihyaa al Turath al Arabi Project, (Revival of Arab Heritage in Diaspora.Recently he was nominated for honorary committee member for the Union of Arab and Muslim Writers in America. He was affiliated with sociological associations and was a member of the Association of Muslim Social Scientists (AMSS) at USA. Social Activities and Community Participation: Dr. Yahya was a national figure on Diversity and Islamic Issues in the United States, with special attention to Race Relations and Psychology of Assimilation (generations 1,2 &3). He was invited as a public speaker to many TV shows and interviews in many countries. His philosophy includes enhancing knowledge to appreciate the others, and to compromise with others in order to live peacefully with others. This philosophy was the backgrounds of his theory, called “ Theory C. of Conflict Management”. And developed later to a Science of Cultural Normalization under the title: “Crescentology. The results of such theory will lead to world peace depends on a global Knowledge, Understanding, appreciation, and Compromising (KUAC)” Recently Prof. Yahya started "Publish your book FREE Project", to serve young Arab Writers. Dr. Yahya accepted the offer to be the chief editor of the International Humanities Studies Journal -I-H-S-Jerusalem, since July 2014. (Revised Sept. 2014) ولد الدكتور حسن عبدالقادر يحيى في مجدل يابا من أعمال يافا – فلسطين عام 1944. تلقى علومه الابتدائية في مدرسة بديا الأميرية في الضفة الغربية أيام احتوائها ضمن المملكة الأدردنية الهاشمية وتخرج في جامعة بيروت حاملاً الإجازة في اللغة العربية وآدابها، ودبلوم التأهيل التربوي من كلية القديس يوسف بلبنان، ودبلوم الدراسات العليا (الماجستير) ودكتوراة في الإدارة التربوية من جامعة ولاية ميشيغان بالولايات المتحدة عام 1988، وشهادة الدكتوراه في علم الاجتماع المقارن من الجامعة نفسها عام 1991. عمل في التدريس والصحافة الأدبية. أديب وشاعر وقاص ، ,كما عمل في تلفزيون الكويت الرسمي كمعد ومنسق برامج ثم اتجه إلى الكتابة والتأليف في علوم كثيرة تخص علمي النفس والاجتماع والتنمية البشرية ، والتغير الاجتماعي والسكان وألف ونشر العديد من المقالات (1000 +) والكتب باللغتين العربية والإنجليزية (أكثر من 330 كتابا) ، منها ست مجموعات قصصية وست كتب للأطفال ، وأربع دواوين شعرية باللغتين أيضا. وعدد من كتب التراث في الشعر والأدب والأخلاق الإسلامية والتربية والأديان . وهو الآن أستاذ متقاعد في جامعة ولاية ميشيغان. . وكان عضوا سابقا في جمعية العلماء المسلمين في أمريكا . وجمعية علماء الاجتماع الأمريكية - ميشيغان، وهو مؤسس الموسوعة العربية الأمريكية في الولايات المتحدة ضمن مشروع إحياء التراث العربي في بلاد المهجرز كما تم ترشيحه مؤخرا ليكون عضو مجلس التحرير لمجلة الدراسات الإنسانية العالمية. وقد قبل أن يتسلم رئاسة تحريرها اعتبارا من نهاية يونيو 2014 His email: askdryahya@yahoo.com Thank you!
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