Global Study of Muslim Political, Social and Religious Views


 

 

Global Study of Muslim Political, Social and Religious Views

Articles Series On Sociology of Religion

Hasan Yahya, Ph.Ds

Professor of Sociology and World cultures

???????????????????????????????Projected data on the Muslim population shows that Muslims will be more than one-quarter of the Earth’s population within the next two decades. The numbers will climb from 1.6 billion people in 2010 to 2.2 billion in 2030, concentrated in Muslim-majority countries (for example Indonesia 205 million (88.1%), Pakistan 178 million (96.4%), India 177 (14.6%), Bangladesh 145 million (90.4%),  Nigeria 75 million (47.9%), plus Iran, Turkey and Egypt  74, (99.6%), 75 (98.6%), and 73 (90%) respectively.

These great numbers of Muslims encourages research studies especially exploring Muslim opinions toward social, political and religious issues. Precisely, the issue of rigidity and dogmatism among Muslims is the main concern. In other words, how much Muslims will be of danger to the world? Some interpretation of data findings doesn’t name the right issues, but they get around it as opinions on democracy, punishment of sins, and change in opinions obviously between those who practice Shari’ah with no molinithic code, or those liberals who follow in part western ideals of liberty, freedom and equality.

While social justice, equality and wealth redistribution are Islamic ideals, every Muslim if not the majority of Muslims believe in these ideal and wisshes to be practiced. But Muslims all over the world according to results of research made, unfortunately by foreign agencies and institutes, show some facts on Muslim beliefs toward Shari’ah. The Pew Research Center’s Forum on Religion & Public Life found that Muslim views on religion, politics and society differ from one place to other in the Muslim world. For example, Afghanistan the Palestinian territory, Egypt and Indonesia overwhelmingly want to see sahriah be “the official law of the land”. Such findings in the four countries show 99%, 89%, 74%, and 72% respectively.  The study also found that there was no agreement about “what shari’ah is, or what does it mean?”.  There is no common understanding of a monolithic code, because there is none,  in the Muslim world from Africa to Asia to the former Soviet Union.

The sample of the opinion research includes 38,000 respondent from  39 countries and territories in Africa, Asia and Europe. Method of invistigation was  face-to-face interviews. Time period was between 2008 and 2012 in. Limitation of the study was some countries like  China, India, Saudi Arabia and Syria   have prevented the opinion research  for “Political sensitivities or security concerns”.

In general, Muslim in countries with more  experience living with “a narrow, rigid form of Shari’ah,”  have less experience in understanding and support than Muslims in countries live under (laws ordained by God). But all may believe in Islamic ideals namely, justice, equality and wealth redistribution.

Even though most Muslims are comfortable on religious laws concerning family and property affairs, they vary on issues  of punishments of blasphemous persons or converts to other faiths as well as issues such as polygamy, family planning and divorce.

In terms of of democracy, Muslims see no incompatibility with democracy even though they strongly support the idea of Islam to play a role in politics.  On political involvement of religious leaders, the research findings show that  significant portions support some or large influence of these leaders. Data shows the percentage of 53% in Afghanistan, 41% in Malaysia and 37% in Jordan.

In terms of Muslims in the United States, even though was not included,  compared with previous studies, findings show 81% say suicide bombing or other forms of violence against civilians in the name of Islam are never justified. However, the global median for Muslims who agree on that is 72%. I think this is the main covert concern of any research done in recent decades after the 9/11 accident.  Further more, the study finds on the same issue where such acts violence are at least sometimes justified in  Bangladesh 26%, in Egypt 29% ,  in Afghanistan  39% and  in the Palestinian territories 40%.

Other findings as reported by Pew Research Center’s Forum on Religion & Public Life that:

–          Many U.S. Muslims take a more liberal view on whether Islam is the “one true faith that leads to eternal life,” said Alan Cooperman, associate director of research for the Pew Forum. In Pakistan, 92% say there’s just one path to salvation but only 51% of U.S. Muslims of Pakistani origin agree.

–          Many, including 67% of Muslims in Egypt, 68% in Iraq and 78% in Indonesia, are deeply concerned about religious extremists within their own countries.

–          Muslim men and women agree: A wife must always obey her husband. The view holds from Morocco, 92%, to Malaysia, 96%. But the majority also say it’s up to the woman herself if she wants to wear a veil. Most say honor killings are never justified — with two exceptions. In Afghanistan and Iraq the majority would allow executions for women who “allegedly have shamed their families by engaging in premarital sex or adultery.”

image002A 2011 global Muslim population study by Pew found that, based on immigration patterns and birth rates, Muslims will be more than one-quarter of the Earth’s population within the next two decades. The 1.6 billion people in 2010 will become 2.2 billion in 2030. UN reports confirmed such progections and show that as of 2011, it is predicted that the world’s Muslim population will grow twice as fast as non-Muslims over the next 20 years. And by 2030, Muslims will make up more than a quarter of the global population. These numbers are expected to open more research projects to explore the issues discussed in this article concerning Muslim future attitudes.

Sources: USATODAY, UN and Pew Research Reports.

Hasan Yahya is an Arab-Palestinian-American sociologist, philosopher, writer and historian, former professor of Comparative Sociology and Educational Administration at Michigan State University, Lansing Community and Jackson Community Colleges. He is the Board Editing member at International Humanities Studies (IHS) Journal (Jerusalem-Spain) and several other USA, journals.  Dr. Yahya is the originator of Arab American Encyclopedia and Ihyaa al Turath al Arabi fil Mahjar-USA. His (260 plus) publication may be observed on Amazon and Kindle. To reach the writer: Email: askdryahya@yahoo.com

 

Dr. Yahya Credentials: Ph.D in Comparative Socioloy 1991, Michigan State University. Ph.D in Educational Administration, Michigan State Univ.(1988).  M.A Psychology of Schools Conflict Management, Michigan State Univ. Diploma M.A, Oriental Studies, St. Joseph Univ. Beirut, Lebanon. (1982)  B.A Modern and Classical Arab Literature, (1976).  Life Achievements: Publishing 250 plus Books and 1000 plus articles.

Note for readers: If you like this, please MOBILE  it ,  or IPhone it  to friends and love ones, THANK U.

 يرجى التكرم بعد قراءة هذه المقالة إذا وافقت هوى في نفوسكم أن تخبروا أصدقاءكم عن طريق الموبايلات أو وسائل  الإتصال الإلكترونية  الأخرى لتعم الفائدة من المعلومات فيها، وشكرا لكم.

 image002Special Thanks to Female and male Principles and teachers in USA, Great Britain,and EU for selecting some of the author’s publications (55 stories 4 Kids , Qandil Umm Hashim,  Hay bin Yaqzan-Ibn Tufail,  Shu’ara al Arab: Zuhayr bin Abi Salma and Ibn Zaydun: Andalus Poet) bringing up our children in Diaspora. I appreciate. Thank you!

You may find  the writer at:

Twitter  Facebook  Google  Videos and Books  UTube & Amazon

Thank you All….God Bless

image049

image018

www.hasanyahya.com

???????????????????????????????

غلاف كتاب قصيدة البردة للبوصيري

غلاف كتاب قصيدة البردة للبوصيري

About Arab American Encyclopedia-USA - Hasan Yahya

HASAN YAHYA was born at a small village called Majdal-YaFa (Majdal Sadiq) in Mandate Palestine (1944). He migrated as a refugee to Mes-ha, a village east of Kufr Qasim, west of Nablus (in the West Bank), then moved with his family to Zarka, 25 km north of Amman – Jordan. He finished the high school at Zarka Secondary School, 1963. He was appointed as a teacher in the same year. Studied Law first at Damascus University, then B.A from Lebanon University in Arabic literature and Eastern Cultures (1975). He moved to Kuwait. Where he got married in 1967. He was working at Kuwait Television, taught at bilingual School, and Kuwait University. In 1982, Hasan left to the United States to continue his education at Michigan State University. He got the Master Degree in 1983, the Ph.D degree in 1988 in Education (Psychology of Administration ). In 1991, He obtained his post degree in Social research, the result was a second Ph.D degree in Comparative sociology-Social Psychology. He was the only Arab student who enrolled ever to pursue two simultaneous Ph.D programs from Michigan State University and fulfill their requirements perfectly. Professor Yahya employment history began as a supervisor of a joint project to rehabilitate Youth (inmates out of prison) by Michigan State University and Intermediate School Districts. Worked also as a Teacher Assistant and lecturer in the same university. He was offered a position at Lansing Community College as well as Jackson Community College where he was assistant professor, then associate professor, then full professor (1991-2006). He taught Sociology, psychology, education, criminology and research methods. He supervised 19 Master and Ph.D candidates on various personal, economic psychological and social development topics. Professor Yahya published Hundreds (1000 Plus on this site) of articles and research reports in local, regional, and international journals. His interest covers local, regional and global conflicts. He also authored, translated, edited and published over 280 plus books in several languages, in almost all fields especial education, sociology and psychology. These books can be found on Amazon and Kindle. He also, was a visiting professor at Eastern Michigan University to give Research Methods and Conflict Management courses. Prof. Yahya accepted an offer to join Zayed University Faculty Team in 1998, then he served as the Head of Education and Psychology Department at Ajman University of Science and Technology 2001-04. Dr. Yahya established several institutes in Diaspora, the Arab American Encyclopedia, Ihyaa al Turath al Arabi Project, (Revival of Arab Heritage in Diaspora.Recently he was nominated for honorary committee member for the Union of Arab and Muslim Writers in America. He was affiliated with sociological associations and was a member of the Association of Muslim Social Scientists (AMSS) at USA. Social Activities and Community Participation: Dr. Yahya was a national figure on Diversity and Islamic Issues in the United States, with special attention to Race Relations and Psychology of Assimilation (generations 1,2 &3). He was invited as a public speaker to many TV shows and interviews in many countries. His philosophy includes enhancing knowledge to appreciate the others, and to compromise with others in order to live peacefully with others. This philosophy was the backgrounds of his theory, called “ Theory C. of Conflict Management”. And developed later to a Science of Cultural Normalization under the title: “Crescentology. The results of such theory will lead to world peace depends on a global Knowledge, Understanding, appreciation, and Compromising (KUAC)” Recently Prof. Yahya started "Publish your book FREE Project", to serve young Arab Writers. Dr. Yahya accepted the offer to be the chief editor of the International Humanities Studies Journal -I-H-S-Jerusalem, since July 2014. (Revised Sept. 2014) ولد الدكتور حسن عبدالقادر يحيى في مجدل يابا من أعمال يافا – فلسطين عام 1944. تلقى علومه الابتدائية في مدرسة بديا الأميرية في الضفة الغربية أيام احتوائها ضمن المملكة الأدردنية الهاشمية وتخرج في جامعة بيروت حاملاً الإجازة في اللغة العربية وآدابها، ودبلوم التأهيل التربوي من كلية القديس يوسف بلبنان، ودبلوم الدراسات العليا (الماجستير) ودكتوراة في الإدارة التربوية من جامعة ولاية ميشيغان بالولايات المتحدة عام 1988، وشهادة الدكتوراه في علم الاجتماع المقارن من الجامعة نفسها عام 1991. عمل في التدريس والصحافة الأدبية. أديب وشاعر وقاص ، ,كما عمل في تلفزيون الكويت الرسمي كمعد ومنسق برامج ثم اتجه إلى الكتابة والتأليف في علوم كثيرة تخص علمي النفس والاجتماع والتنمية البشرية ، والتغير الاجتماعي والسكان وألف ونشر العديد من المقالات (1000 +) والكتب باللغتين العربية والإنجليزية (أكثر من 330 كتابا) ، منها ست مجموعات قصصية وست كتب للأطفال ، وأربع دواوين شعرية باللغتين أيضا. وعدد من كتب التراث في الشعر والأدب والأخلاق الإسلامية والتربية والأديان . وهو الآن أستاذ متقاعد في جامعة ولاية ميشيغان. . وكان عضوا سابقا في جمعية العلماء المسلمين في أمريكا . وجمعية علماء الاجتماع الأمريكية - ميشيغان، وهو مؤسس الموسوعة العربية الأمريكية في الولايات المتحدة ضمن مشروع إحياء التراث العربي في بلاد المهجرز كما تم ترشيحه مؤخرا ليكون عضو مجلس التحرير لمجلة الدراسات الإنسانية العالمية. وقد قبل أن يتسلم رئاسة تحريرها اعتبارا من نهاية يونيو 2014 His email: askdryahya@yahoo.com Thank you!
This entry was posted in Arab Affairs, Arab Cluture, Arab flags, Arab Manifesto, Beautiful women, Biology Science, Crescentology, Educational Psychology, Medical Sociology, Middle East Politics, Muslim Affairs-Arab, Project Management., psychology, Religions and Spirts, Research Methods, Sociology, Sociology of Education, Sociology of Religion, مناهج تربوية وكتب للمدارس, منشورات الموسوعة العربية الأمريكية، كتب الدكتور يحيى ،, مهارة المدرسين وإدارة فصول, محمد رسول الله, محاسن النساء والأخلاق, Women Affairs, أعلام الدول العربية and tagged , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s